Isopterygium tenerum

(Swartz) Mitten

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 12: 499. 1869

Selected by author to be illustrated
Basionyms: Hypnum tenerum Swartz Fl. Ind. Occid. 3: 1817. 1806 Isopterygium drummondii H. A. Crum Steere & L. E. Anderson
Synonyms: H. albulum Müller Hal. H. chapmanii Duby H. fulvum Hooker & Wilson H. micans Swartz I. fulvum (A. Jaeger) Kindberg I. groutii (Cardot & Thériot) Grout I. micans (Swartz) Kindberg I. micans var. latifolium (Grout) Schornherst I. micans var. minus (Grout) H. A. Crum & L. E. Anderson Isothecium tenerum Cardot & Thériot Plagiothecium fulvum (Swartz) Paris P. groutii Renauld & Cardot P. micans (Swartz) Austin P. micans var. fulvum (A. Jaeger) Paris Rhaphidostegium ludovicianum unknown Rhynchostegium micans unknown
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 553. Mentioned on page 554.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Patricia M. Eckel
Plants small, in thin to dense mats, whitish to yellowish. Stems to 2(–5) cm, 0.5–1.5(–3) mm wide. Leaves erect-spreading, not or slightly wrinkled when dry, ovate to lanceolate, 0.7–1.8 × 0.2–0.6 mm; margins plane, serrulate to entire proximally, serrate to serrulate distally, rarely entire throughout; alar cells short-rectangular, quadrate, or transversely elongate, 12–38 × 10–20 µm, region small; medial laminal cells often flexuose, linear-fusiform, 52–151 × 5–8 µm. Specialized asexual reproduction sometimes present as filaments on stems, multicellular, green or brown, simple or branched, often more than 0.5 mm, cells papillose. Seta yellow to reddish brown, 0.5–1.5 cm. Capsule cernuous, rarely erect, light brown to orange-brown, 0.5–2 mm; operculum conic-apiculate to obliquely short-rostrate. Spores 9–14 µm.

Phenology: Spores 9-14 µm, mature spring–summer.
Habitat: Dry wooded regions, swamps, wet roadside ditches, base of trees, rotten logs, stumps, sandy soil, sedimentary rock
Elevation: low to moderate elevations (0-400 m)

Distribution

V28 860-distribution-map.gif

N.S., Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, s Europe (Italy).

Discussion

Isopterygium tenerum is common in Florida and the Gulf Coast, becoming infrequent northward, occurring in scattered localities to southern New York and disjunct to southern Nova Scotia. The species is extremely variable, and several varieties have been described from North American plants. These varieties, based on leaf shape and length, are believed to be environmental forms and are therefore included in the synonymy. A biometric analysis by P. L. Redfearn (1956) on the stem leaf variation reached a similar conclusion.

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Isopterygium tenerum"
AuthorRobert R. Ireland Jr. +
Authority(Swartz) Mitten +
BasionymsHypnum tenerum + and Isopterygium drummondii +
DistributionN.S. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America + and s Europe (Italy). +
Elevationlow to moderate elevations (0-400 m) +
HabitatDry wooded regions, swamps, wet roadside ditches, base of trees, rotten logs, stumps, sandy soil, sedimentary rock +
IllustratorPatricia M. Eckel +
PhenologySpores 9-14 µm, mature spring–summer. +
Publication titleJ. Linn. Soc., Bot. +
Publication year1869 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V28/V28 860.xml +
Special statusSelected by author to be illustrated +
SynonymsH. albulum +, H. chapmanii +, H. fulvum +, H. micans +, I. fulvum +, I. groutii +, I. micans +, I. micans var. latifolium +, I. micans var. minus +, Isothecium tenerum +, Plagiothecium fulvum +, P. groutii +, P. micans +, P. micans var. fulvum +, Rhaphidostegium ludovicianum + and Rhynchostegium micans +
Taxon familyHypnaceae +
Taxon nameIsopterygium tenerum +
Taxon parentIsopterygium +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 28 +