Lachnanthes caroliniana

(Lamarck) Dandy
J. Bot. 70: 329. 1932.
Illustrated
Basionym: Dilatris caroliniana Lamarck in J. Lamarck and J. Poiret, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 127. 1791 (as caroliana)
Synonyms: Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin Lachnanthes tinctoria (J. F. Gmelin) Elliott
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 48. Mentioned on page 46.

Stems 3–10.5 dm, distally whitish villous-tomentose when young, becoming tawny-hoary. Leaves: basal leaves 15–45 × 0.5–2.1 cm proximally, shorter distally; cauline leaves shorter than basal, decreasing in size distally, becoming bracts in inflorescence. Inflorescences initially rounded, becoming open and corymbose after anthesis, each branch resembling a helicoid cyme. Flowers: tepals erect-spreading at anthesis, pale yellow, 7–9 × 1–1.5 mm, densely pubescent abaxially, persisting and incurving to form beak around fruit; stamens spreading at anthesis; filaments 8–10 mm; anthers yellow; style persistent, slightly exceeding anthers, 10–13 mm. Capsules globose or oblate, 3–5 mm diam. Seeds reddish brown, 2.5–3 mm diam., faintly wrinkled. 2n = 48.


Phenology: Flowering mid–late summer.
Habitat: Wet, acid, often sandy soil of bogs, swamps, ditches, low areas in savannas and pinelands, margins of hammocks and pocosins
Elevation: 0–600 m

Distribution

N.S., Ala., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Mass., Miss., N.J., N.Y., N.C., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Va., West Indies (Cuba).

Discussion

Lachnanthes caroliniana is sometimes a serious weed in commercial cranberry bogs.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Lachnanthes caroliniana"
Kenneth R. Robertson +
(Lamarck) Dandy +
Dilatris caroliniana +
N.S. +, Ala. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Va. +  and West Indies (Cuba). +
0–600 m +
Wet, acid, often sandy soil of bogs, swamps, ditches, low areas in savannas and pinelands, margins of hammocks and pocosins +
Flowering mid–late summer. +
W2 +, W1 +  and Illustrated +
Heritiera tinctorum +  and Lachnanthes tinctoria +
Lachnanthes caroliniana +
Lachnanthes +
species +