Macleaya

R. Brown in D. Denham and H. Clapperton

in D. Denham and H. Clapperton, Narr. Travels Africa, app., 218. 1826

Common names: Plume-poppy tree-celandine
Etymology: for Alexander Macleay, 1767-1848, Scottish botanist, entomologist, and Secretary to the Colony of New South Wales
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Herbs, perennial, caulescent, usually glaucous, from rhizomes; sap yellow. Stems hollow, leafy. Leaves alternate, petiolate; blade 1-2× subpalmately or pinnately lobed. Inflorescences terminal, paniculate, many-flowered; bracts present. Flowers: sepals 2, distinct; petals absent; stamens 25-30 [8-12]; pistil 2-carpellate; ovary substipitate, 1-locular; style short; stigma 2-lobed. Capsules nodding, substipitate, 2-valved, dehiscing from apex. Seeds 4-6 [1], arillate [not arillate]. x = 10.

Distribution

North America, Asia (China and Japan).

Discussion

Species 2 (1 in the flora).

Native to temperate eastern Asia, Macleaya has sometimes been merged with neotropical Bocconia, which differs in having perennial stems, long-stipitate ovaries, fleshy, single-seeded capsules dehiscing from the base, and much larger seeds. The sap of Macleaya has been used in traditional Chinese medicine as an antiseptic for wounds (C. Grey-Wilson 1993).

Lower Taxa

Facts about "Macleaya"
AuthorityR. Brown in D. Denham and H. Clapperton +
Common namePlume-poppy + and tree-celandine +
DistributionNorth America + and Asia (China and Japan). +
Etymologyfor Alexander Macleay, 1767-1848, Scottish botanist, entomologist, and Secretary to the Colony of New South Wales +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Publication titlein D. Denham and H. Clapperton, Narr. Travels Africa, app., +
Publication year1826 +
Referencehutchinson1920a +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 1026.xml +
Taxon familyPapaveraceae +
Taxon nameMacleaya +
Taxon parentPapaveraceae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 3 +