Maianthemum stellatum

(Linnaeus) Link
Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 343. 1821.
Common names: Little false Solomon’s-seal starflower Solomon’s-seal smilacine étoilée
Basionym: Convallaria stellata Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 316. 1753
Synonyms: Smilacina liliacea (Greene) Wynd Smilacina stellata (Linnaeus) Desfontaines Unifolium liliaceum Greene Unifolium sessilifolium (Nuttall ex Baker) Greene Unifolium stellatum (Linnaeus) Greene Vagnera liliacea (Greene) Rydberg Vagnera sessilifolia (Nuttall ex Baker) Greene Vagnera stellata (Linnaeus) Morong
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 209. Mentioned on page 207.

Plants terrestrial, 15–45 cm. Rhizomes sympodial, proliferatively spreading, narrow-cylindrical, units 15–60 cm × 3–4.5 mm, roots scattered over surfaces. Stems erect, 2.5–5 dm × 2–3.5 mm. Leaves 8–11, sessile, clasping; blade ovate-elliptic to lanceolate, 5–6 × 2.5–3.5 cm; base rounded; apex acute. Inflorescences racemose, simple, 6–15-flowered. Flowers 1 per node, 3-merous; tepals conspicuous, 4–5 × 1.5–2 mm; filaments 1.2–1.5 mm; anthers 0.6–0.8 mm; ovary globose to cylindrical, ca. 1 mm wide; style 1.3–1.8 mm; stigma obscurely 3-lobed; pedicel 6–12 × 0.8–1 mm. Berries green with black stripes along median carpel vein when young, maturing to red, globose, 4–6 mm diam. Seeds 1–6, globose, 2.5–3 mm. 2n = 36.


Phenology: Flowering mid or late spring.
Habitat: Sand dunes, marginal woodlands, oak openings
Elevation: 0–3200 m

Distribution

V26 361-distribution-map.jpg

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., disjunct in nw Mexico.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Maianthemum stellatum"
James V. LaFrankie +
(Linnaeus) Link +
Convallaria stellata +
Little false Solomon’s-seal +, starflower Solomon’s-seal +  and smilacine étoilée +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +  and disjunct in nw Mexico. +
0–3200 m +
Sand dunes, marginal woodlands, oak openings +
Flowering mid or late spring. +
Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. +
Smilacina liliacea +, Smilacina stellata +, Unifolium liliaceum +, Unifolium sessilifolium +, Unifolium stellatum +, Vagnera liliacea +, Vagnera sessilifolia +  and Vagnera stellata +
Maianthemum stellatum +
Maianthemum +
species +