Malachra capitata

(Linnaeus) Linnaeus

Syst. Nat. ed. 12, 2: 458. 1767

Selected by author to be illustrated
Basionyms: Sida capitata Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 685. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 279.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Linny Heagy
Plants 0.4–1.5 m. Stems densely stellate-hairy, sometimes with longer, simple hairs 1.5 mm. Leaves: stipules 9–15 mm; petiole to 1/2 as long as blade; blade ovate, lyrate, or 3–5-lobed, 4–10 cm, lobes basally narrowed, apex acute or obtuse, surfaces stellate-hairy. Racemes pedunculate; peduncle usually exceeding corresponding petiole; boat-shaped floral bracts subsessile, with prominent, white markings at base, deeply cordate, margins entire, often hispid. Flowers: calyx 6–8 mm; petals 7–10 mm. Mericarps brownish, 3 mm, smooth with reticulate veins, glabrous. 2n = 56.

Phenology: Flowering year-round.
Habitat: Disturbed vegetation, thickets, roadsides, cultivated fields
Elevation: 0–300 m


V6 509-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., La., Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, introduced in Asia (Malesia).


Malachra capitata is introduced in Malesia according to J. van Borssum Waalkes (1966), who synonymized M. capitata and M. alceifolia Jacquin. The Louisiana records are thought to represent adventive or introduced populations. Those in southern Florida and Texas are accepted as native populations.



Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Malachra capitata"
AuthorPaul A. Fryxell† + and Steven R. Hill +
Authority(Linnaeus) Linnaeus +
BasionymsSida capitata +
DistributionFla. +, La. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America + and introduced in Asia (Malesia). +
Elevation0–300 m +
HabitatDisturbed vegetation, thickets, roadsides, cultivated fields +
IllustratorLinny Heagy +
PhenologyFlowering year-round. +
Publication titleSyst. Nat. ed. +
Publication year1767 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V6/V6 509.xml +
Special statusSelected by author to be illustrated +
SynonymsMallow +
Taxon familyMalvaceae +
Taxon nameMalachra capitata +
Taxon parentMalachra +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 6 +