Malaxis paludosa

(Linnaeus) Swartz

Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 235. 1800

Common names: Bog adder’s-mouth
Illustrated
Basionyms: Ophrys paludosa Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 947. 1753
Synonyms: Epipactis paludosa (Linnaeus) F. W. Schmidt Hammarbya paludosa (Linnaeus) Kuntz Sturmia paludosa (Linnaeus) Reichenbach
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 628. Mentioned on page 627.

Plants 3–23 cm. Roots fine. Pseudobulbs 4–8 mm diam. Leaves 2–3, basal; blade elliptic or narrowly elliptic, 0.3–3.5 × 0.1–1.5 cm. Inflorescences spicate racemes, 0.5–9 cm; floral bracts lanceolate, 1.4–3.3 mm; pedicels 2–3 mm. Flowers 2–55, not resupinate, green or yellowish green; dorsal sepal ovate-lanceolate, (1.6–)2–2.5 × 1–1.6 mm, apex acuminate; lateral sepals reflexed, elliptic, falcate, (1.6–)2.5 × 1–1.6 mm, apex acuminate; petals strongly recurved, ovate-lanceolate, 1.4–1.9 × 0.5–1 mm, apex acuminate; lip ovate with dark green veins, 1.2–1.8 × 0.7– 1 mm, base cuneate, apex unlobed, acuminate; column (0.3–)0.5–0.7 × (0.3–)0.5–0.7 mm; pollinia yellow. Capsules ascending, ellipsoid, 4 × 2 mm. 2n = 28.


Phenology: Flowering summer.
Habitat: Open sphagnum bogs, swampy woods
Elevation: 10–300 m

Distribution

Alta., B.C., Man., N.W.T., Ont., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Minn., Eurasia.

Discussion

Malaxis paludosa sometimes reproduces asexually by production of gemmae on the leaf tips (R. L. Taylor 1967).

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Malaxis paludosa"
Paul M. Catling +  and Lawrence K. Magrath +
(Linnaeus) Swartz +
Ophrys paludosa +
Bog adder’s-mouth +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.W.T. +, Ont. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Minn. +  and Eurasia. +
10–300 m +
Open sphagnum bogs, swampy woods +
Flowering summer. +
Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. +
baldwin1961a +  and taylor1967a +
Illustrated +
Epipactis paludosa +, Hammarbya paludosa +  and Sturmia paludosa +
Malaxis paludosa +
species +