Melochia corchorifolia


Sp. Pl. 2: 675. 1753

Common names: Chocolate weed hirsute melochia redweed
Selected by author to be illustratedIntroducedWeedy
Synonyms: Riedlea corchorifolia (Linnaeus) de Candolle
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 211. Mentioned on page 210.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Linny Heagy
Herbs, annual or perennial, or subshrubs, to 2 m, taprooted. Leaves: petiole 0.3–5.5 cm; blade ovate to lanceolate, 1.3–9 × 1–7 cm, glabrate, hairs simple on veins. Inflorescences terminal, cymose glomerules, 10–25-flowered; bracteoles 3 or 4, immediately subtending flower. Flowers monomorphic; calyx 2–2.5 mm, teeth acute, distant and sinuses between them rounded; petals purple, pink, or white with yellow base, 3–6 × 1–1.5 mm; stamens and pistil equal, 2.5–3.2 mm. Fruits schizocarps, white, pink, green, purplish, or black, subglobose, not winged, not beaked, 4–5 × 5–6 mm, dehiscence loculicidal and then septicidal, fruit falling apart. Seeds 1 per locule. 2n = 36, 46.

Phenology: Flowering and fruiting (spring–)summer–fall.
Habitat: Agricultural lands, open pinelands, meadows, waste ground, wet or dry soil
Elevation: 0–300(–1000) m


V6 379-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tex., Asia, Pacific Islands (East Indies, Papua New Guinea, Philippines), Australia (Queensland), introduced also in Central America (Panama), South America (Brazil), Africa.




Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

AuthorAaron Goldberg† +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameChocolate weed +, hirsute melochia + and redweed +
DistributionAla. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Asia +, Pacific Islands (East Indies +, Papua New Guinea +, Philippines) +, Australia (Queensland) +, introduced also in Central America (Panama) +, South America (Brazil) + and Africa. +
Elevation0–300(–1000) m +
HabitatAgricultural lands, open pinelands, meadows, waste ground, wet or dry soil +
IllustratorLinny Heagy +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting (spring–)summer–fall. +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V6/V6 379.xml +
Special statusSelected by author to be illustrated +, Introduced + and Weedy +
SynonymsRiedlea corchorifolia +
Taxon familyMalvaceae +
Taxon nameMelochia corchorifolia +
Taxon parentMelochia +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 6 +