in C. G. D. Nees et al., Bryol. Germ. 2(2): 179, plate 41. 1831
North America, Mexico, South America, Europe, Africa, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australia.
Species ca. 45 (3 in the flora).
Mielichhoferia is characterized by perichaetia and perigonia borne on short lateral branches, perichaetial leaves that are often smaller than the vegetative leaves with cells relatively more lax, and frequent peristome reduction. The leafy stems themselves are much like those of a small Pohlia.
Mielichhoferia is especially diverse in South America and is highly variable in peristome development: double with well-developed exostome and endostome, single and endostomial, double but with the exostome short and barely exceeding the capsule rim, or double with the endostome reduced to an inconspicuous membrane adherent to the exostome teeth (two North American species). Species of Mielichhoferia are gametophytically similar to small species of Pohlia, though they can be distinguished by a characteristic whitish color and very small size. The main features distinguishing the two genera are gametangia borne on short lateral shoots in Mielichhoferia and terminal in Pohlia. The perichaetial leaves are as long as or longer than vegetative leaves in Pohlia but are smaller, with more lax cells and shorter costa in Mielichhoferia. Mielichhoferia and Pohlia grow in similar habitats.
|1||Sexual condition synoicous; peristome single; exostome absent; endostome segments present.||Mielichhoferia shevockii|
|1||Sexual condition dioicous; peristome double; exostome present; endostome segments absent||> 2|
|2||Plants dark green, dull; distal medial laminal cell walls moderately thick.||Mielichhoferia mielichhoferiana|
|2||Plants pale whitish, somewhat glossy; distal medial laminal cell walls thin.||Mielichhoferia elongata|
|Author||A. Jonathan Shaw +|
|Authority||Nees & Hornschuch in C. G. D. Nees et al. +|
|Distribution||North America +, Mexico +, South America +, Europe +, Africa +, Pacific Islands (New Zealand) + and Australia. +|
|Etymology||For Mathias Mielichhofer, 1772 – 1847, Austrian collector of generitype specimen +|
|Illustrator||Patricia M. Eckel +|
|Publication title||in C. G. D. Nees et al., Bryol. Germ. +|
|Publication year||1831 +|
|Reference||shaw1984c +, shaw1994a + and shaw1994b +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/9216fc802291cd3df363fd52122300479582ede7/coarse grained fna xml/V28/V28 305.xml +|
|Taxon family||Mielichhoferiaceae +|
|Taxon name||Mielichhoferia +|
|Taxon parent||Mielichhoferiaceae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 28 +|