Monotropsis odorata

Schweinitz in S. Elliott

in S. Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 479. 1817 ,

Common names: Sweet pinesap Carolina beechdrops pygmy-pipes
Synonyms: Monotropsis lehmaniae Burnham Monotropsis odorata var. lehmaniae (Burnham) H. E. Ahles Monotropsis reynoldsiae
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 394.
Inflorescences 4–13 cm; bracts 5–11 × 2–8 mm, scarious at maturity. Flowers: sepals 1.5–10 × 0.5–4 mm; corolla 5–10 mm, lobes lanceolate-ovate, base saccate, apex rounded to acute; stamens 3–6 mm; anthers inverted at anthesis, 0.5 mm diam.; ovary 1–4 × 1–3 mm, glabrous; style 2–4 × 0.5–1.5 mm; stigma whitish to dull purplish, 1 mm diam. Berries 4–8 mm diam. Seeds to 0.6–1 mm diam.

Phenology: Flowering late early spring–early summer(-winter).
Habitat: Mixed-deciduous or coniferous forests
Elevation: 0-1400 m


V8 744-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Del., Fla., Ga., Ky., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Va.


Other taxa of Monotropoideae also flower in the fall (e.g., Monotropa hypopitys). There are often associated differences in proportions of flower parts; usually inflorescences and flowers are smaller. The fall-flowering form of Monotropsis odorata in the Carolinas has been called var. lehmaniae. However, H. E. Ahles, who made that combination, later (1967) determined that it is a seasonal phase of M. odorata, a determination supported by R. L. Wilbur (1970b). In Florida, the fall–winter-flowering form of M. odorata has been called M. reynoldsiae. The commonly used distinguishing features are the sizes of the inflorescences and flowers, and the proportion of the calyx to the corolla. These features are variable to a degree in M. odorata, and a range may be seen even in the specimens comprising the holotype of M. reynoldsiae at Gray Herbarium.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Monotropsis odorata"
AuthorGary D. Wallace +
AuthoritySchweinitz in S. Elliott +
Common nameSweet pinesap +, Carolina beechdrops + and pygmy-pipes +
DistributionAla. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tenn. + and Va. +
Elevation0-1400 m +
HabitatMixed-deciduous or coniferous forests +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
PhenologyFlowering late early spring–early summer(-winter). +
Publication titlein S. Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina +
Publication year1832 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V8/V8 744.xml +
SynonymsMonotropsis lehmaniae +, Monotropsis odorata var. lehmaniae + and Monotropsis reynoldsiae +
Taxon familyEricaceae +
Taxon nameMonotropsis odorata +
Taxon parentMonotropsis +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 8 +