in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. 1: 398. 1785
Phenology: Flowering when leafless at end of dry season, fruiting as leaves emerge.
Habitat: Roadways, disturbed areas
Elevation: 0-1000 m
Ariz., Calif., Fla., Asia (India), introduced widely elsewhere.
Moringa oleifera is probably native to lowland dry tropical forests of northwestern India; recent collection information is lacking. It is cultivated in tropical countries as an ornamental and agricultural crop. It is occasionally reported as re-seeding along roadways and in other disturbed areas; there are no reports of M. oleifera invading intact habitats.
Moringa oleifera is often mistaken for a papilionoid legume or for a member of the Bignoniaceae. It is easily distinguished from both by stalked glands at the leaf base and at rachis articulations and by its pungent horseradish odor. The three-valved fruits with three-winged seeds also readily distinguish M. oleifera from both of those families. All parts of the plant are of economic importance: leaves are highly nutritious, flowers are edible, seeds contain large quantities of high-quality oil, and presscake remaining after oil extraction contains one of the most powerful plant-derived flocculants known, used for clarifying turbid water. Roots are used as a horseradishlike condiment. Moringa oleifera is extremely fast growing (to 7 m in first year from seed), with fruit yields ca. 10 tons/ha/yr.
Moringa pterygosperma Gaertner is a commonly cited synonym of M. oleifera. However, the name is illegitimate as it is based on Guilandia moringa.
|Author||Mark E. Olson +|
|Authority||Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al. +|
|Basionyms||Guilandina moringa +|
|Common name||Drumstick or horseradish or Ben tree +|
|Distribution||Ariz. +, Calif. +, Fla. +, Asia (India) + and introduced widely elsewhere. +|
|Elevation||0-1000 m +|
|Habitat||Roadways, disturbed areas +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Barbara Alongi +|
|Phenology||Flowering when leafless at end of dry season, fruiting as leaves emerge. +|
|Publication title||in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. +|
|Publication year||1785 +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V7/V7 202.xml +|
|Synonyms||Hyperanthera moringa +|
|Taxon family||Moringaceae +|
|Taxon name||Moringa oleifera +|
|Taxon parent||Moringa +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 7 +|