Mucronea

Bentham

Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 405, 419, plate 20. 1836

Common names: California spineflower
Etymology: Latin mucronis, sharp point, alluding to awns of bracts and involucres
Synonyms: Chorizanthe sect. Mucronea (Bentham) A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 470. Mentioned on page 219, 220, 446.
Herbs, annual; taproot slender. Stems arising directly from the root, erect to spreading, solid, not fistulose or disarticulating into ringlike segments, sparsely glandular-pubescent. Leaves usually quickly deciduous, basal, rosulate; petiole absent; blade spatulate to obovate, margins entire. Inflorescences terminal, cymose, uniparous due to suppression of secondaries; branches dichotomous, not brittle or disarticulating into segments, round, sparsely glandular-pubescent; bracts 3(–5), positioned to side of node or perfoliate and completely but unequally surrounding node, connate nearly completely, triangular to ovate or oblong, awned, sparsely glandular-pubescent. Peduncles absent. Involucres 1–3 per node, tubular, cylindric, (2–)3–4-angled, slightly ventricose on the angles in some; teeth (2–)3–4, awn-tipped. Flowers 1(–2) per involucre; perianth white to pink, campanulate when open, cylindric when closed, pubescent abaxially; tepals 6, connate ca. 1/3 their length, monomorphic, entire or erose to fimbriate apically; stamens 6–9; filaments free, glabrous; anthers pink to red, oblong. Achenes mostly included, brown to black, not winged, globose-lenticular, glabrous. Seeds: embryo straight. x = 19.

Discussion

Species 2 (2 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Inflorescence bracts positioned to side of node, involucres 1-3 per node, 2.5-5(-7) mm,bracts (2-)3(-4), awns (0.5-)1-2.5 (3) mm; flowers 1-2; tepals entire apically Mucronea californica
1 Inflorescence bracts perfoliate; involucres 1 per node, 3-5(-6) mm, bracts 4, awns (0.3-)0.5-1.2 mm; flowers 1; tepals entire to fimbriate apically Mucronea perfoliata
Facts about "Mucronea"
AuthorJames L. Reveal +
AuthorityBentham +
Common nameCalifornia spineflower +
DistributionCalif. +
EtymologyLatin mucronis, sharp point, alluding to awns of bracts and involucres +
Publication titleTrans. Linn. Soc. London +
Publication year1836 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V5/V5 988.xml +
SynonymsChorizanthe sect. Mucronea +
Taxon familyPolygonaceae +
Taxon nameMucronea +
Taxon parentPolygonaceae subfam. Eriogonoideae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 5 +