Sp. Pl. 1: 289. 1753
Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 141. 1754
Europe, n Africa, Asia, introduced and naturalized elsewhere.
Species ca. 26 (5 in the flora).
Narcissus species and especially a vast array of their natural hybrids and garden cultivars are among the most popular spring flowers (A. Huxley et al. 1992). Many species are extremely variable due to horticultural selection and naturalization. Besides the following species, many of the cultivars also may persist around old gardens, although they never fully naturalize.
All parts of the plant are poisonous, especially the bulb, due to phenanthridine alkaloids such as narcissine and lycorine (G. E. Burrows and R. J. Tyrl 2001).
|1||Inflorescences 1-flowered.||> 2|
|1||Inflorescences umbellate, (1–)2–20-flowered.||> 3|
|2||Corona tubular, ± equal in length to free portions of tepals; tepals yellow; stamens uniseriate.||Narcissus pseudonarcissus|
|2||Corona cup-shaped, much shorter than free portions of tepals; tepals white; stamens biseriate.||Narcissus poeticus|
|3||Leaf blades nearly terete, 2–4 mm wide; flowers uniformly golden yellow.||Narcissus jonquilla|
|3||Leaf blades flat, 6–15(–20) mm wide; flowers white, or yellow and white.||> 4|
|4||Tepals and corona white.||Narcissus papyraceus|
|4||Tepals white to cream, corona yellow.||Narcissus tazetta|
|Author||Gerald B. Straley† + and Frederick H. Utech +|
|Common name||Narcisse +|
|Distribution||Europe +, n Africa +, Asia + and introduced and naturalized elsewhere. +|
|Etymology||from Greek Narkissos, mythological youth who fell in love with his own reflection and changed into a flower +|
|Illustrator||Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey +|
|Publication title||Sp. Pl. + and Gen. Pl. ed. +|
|Publication year||1753 + and 1754 +|
|Reference||blanchard1990a +, brown1991a + and meyer1966a +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V26/V26 566.xml +|
|Taxon family||Liliaceae +|
|Taxon name||Narcissus +|
|Taxon parent||Liliaceae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 26 +|