Narcissus jonquilla

Linnaeus
Sp. Pl. 1: 290. 1753.
Common names: Jonquil jonquille
IntroducedIllustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 295. Mentioned on page 294, 296.

Bulbs ovoid, 2–3 × 2–2.5 cm, tunic dark brown. Leaves 2–3(–4); blade dark green, channeled adaxially, nearly terete, 30–40 cm × 2–4 mm. Inflorescences umbellate, 1–2(–4)-flowered, 25–35 cm; spathe pale brown, 2–4 cm, papery. Flowers strongly fragrant; perianth 1.5–2.5 cm wide; perianth tube 2–2.5 cm, tapering gradually to base; distinct portions of tepals spreading to reflexed, bright golden yellow, ovate to oblanceolate, 0.4–0.6 × 0.8–1 cm, apex acute to mucronate; corona golden yellow, cup-shaped, 2–4 × 5–8 mm, apex ruffled; 3 short stamens included in perianth tube, 3 longer stamens and style exserted into mouth of corona; pedicel of variable length, to 4 cm. 2n = 14.


Phenology: Flowering late winter–early spring.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, waste places
Elevation: 0–100 m

Distribution

Introduced; B.C., Ala., Ark., Ga., Ill., La., Md., Miss., N.C., Ohio, S.C., Tex., Utah, sw Europe (c, s Spain, e, s Portugal), expected naturalized elsewhere.

Discussion

Natural hybrids between Narcissus jonquilla and N. tazetta have been given the name N. ×intermedius Louisel. The leaves of these plants are intermediate in width between those of the two parents. The inflorescence is 3–6-flowered, and the flowers are uniformly bright yellow or with a darker corona. Such hybrids are known to persist in Louisiana and can be expected elsewhere in the flora area.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Narcissus jonquilla"
Gerald B. Straley† +  and Frederick H. Utech +
Linnaeus +
Jonquil +  and jonquille +
B.C. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Utah +, sw Europe (c +, s Spain +, e +, s Portugal) +  and expected naturalized elsewhere. +
0–100 m +
Roadsides, fields, waste places +
Flowering late winter–early spring. +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Narcissus jonquilla +
Narcissus +
species +