Nephrolepis exaltata

(Linnaeus) Schott

Gen. Fil. plate 3. 1834

Common names: Sword fern wild Boston fern
Basionyms: Polypodium exaltatum Linnaeus Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1326. 1759
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.
Stem scales spreading, concolored. Tubers absent. Leaves 4–15 × 0.5–1.2 dm. Petiole 0.2–4 dm, sparsely to moderately scaly; scales spreading, pale brown to reddish brown, concolored. Blade glabrous, sparsely to moderately scaly abaxially near costae and adaxially. Rachis 2.4–16.3 dm, points of pinna attachment 7.3–21 mm apart; scales moderately spaced, pale to dark brown, essentially concolored or margin indistinctly paler; hairs absent. Central pinnae deltate-oblong, slightly to distinctly falcate, 2.3–7.4 × 0.6–1.8 cm, base truncate to truncate-auriculate or auriculate, occasionally overlapping rachis, acroscopic lobe deltate to acute, margins serrulate, apex acute to deltate; costae adaxially glabrous. Indusia reniform to horseshoe-shaped, attached at narrow or broad sinus, 1–1.7 mm wide.

Habitat: Terrestrial or epiphytic in forested to open habitats, most often as an epiphyte
Elevation: 0 m


V2 594-distribution-map.gif

Fla., West Indies, Pacific Islands in scattered locations.


Nephrolepis exaltata is occasionally found farther north in the flora, but only as an escape from cultivation. Nephrolepis exaltata is usually confused with N. cordifolia when sterile; the latter species can be distinguished by its distinctly bicolored, adaxial rachis scales. These bicolored scales will distinguish N. cordifolia from all of the other species, even in the absence of other key features.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Nephrolepis exaltata"
AuthorClifton E. Nauman +
Authority(Linnaeus) Schott +
BasionymsPolypodium exaltatum +
Common nameSword fern + and wild Boston fern +
DistributionFla. +, West Indies + and Pacific Islands in scattered locations. +
Elevation0 m +
HabitatTerrestrial or epiphytic in forested to open habitats, most often as an epiphyte +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Publication titleGen. Fil. +
Publication year1834 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V2/V2 594.xml +
Taxon familyDryopteridaceae +
Taxon nameNephrolepis exaltata +
Taxon parentNephrolepis +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 2 +