Nyssa sylvatica

Marshall
Arbust. Amer., 97. 1785.
Common names: Black or sour gum pepperidge
Illustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 460. Mentioned on page 459.

Trees, 5–30 m, proximal limbs spreading to slightly drooping, crown irregular; bark ± regularly longitudinally and transversely fissured; twigs puberulent. Leaves: petiole 5–15(–30) mm; blade obovate to elliptic, 5.5–12(–16) × (2.2–)3.5–6.5(–9.1) cm, herbaceous, base cuneate to rounded, margins entire proximally and 0–1(–3)-toothed distally, apex acute to acuminate, abaxial surface glabrous or puberulent, adaxial surface glabrous. Inflorescences: peduncle 3.6–4.3 cm, sparsely hairy or glabrous; staminate (1–)2–5(–7)-flowered, pistillate and bisexual (2–)3–5(–8)-flowered. Staminate pedicels present. Flowers: ovary glabrous. Drupes black to blue, glaucous, ovoid to ellipsoid, 8–12 mm, rough or smooth; stone 7–9 mm, with several low, rounded longitudinal ridges.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Well-drained sites, swamps (especially in northern part of range), saturated longleaf pine savannas, moist to mesic (or dry-mesic) woods.
Elevation: 0–1100(–1600) m.

Distribution

V12 430-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., c Mexico.

Discussion

Nyssa sylvatica is widely planted as an ornamental, appreciated especially for its fall color.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Nyssa sylvatica"
Gordon C. Tucker +  and Tracy J. Park +
Marshall +
Black or sour gum +  and pepperidge +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +  and c Mexico. +
0–1100(–1600) m. +
Well-drained sites, swamps (especially in northern part of range), saturated longleaf pine savannas, moist to mesic (or dry-mesic) woods. +
Flowering spring. +
Arbust. Amer., +
batra1999a +  and cipollini1991a +
Illustrated +
Nyssa sylvatica +
species +