Ophioglossum nudicaule

Linnaeus
Suppl. Pl. 443. 1781.
Common names: Slender adder's-tongue
Illustrated
Synonyms: Ophioglossum dendroneuron E.P. St.John Ophioglossum ellipticum Hooker & Greville Ophioglossum mononeuron E.P. St.John
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2. Mentioned on page 102.

Roots yellowish to pale brown, to 15 per plant, 0.2-0.8mm diam., proliferous at wide intervals. Stem upright, 0.2-1.2 cm, 1-5 mm diam., commonly 2-3 leaves per stem. Trophophore stalk to 0.8 cm, 0.1-0.2 times length of trophophore blade. Trophophore blade spreading, usually plane when alive, green, dull, largest leaves drying with pale central band, ovate to lanceolate, thin, blades less than 0.4 × 0.3 cm in many colonies but blades large, to 4.5 × 1.7 cm in other colonies, herbaceous, base gradually tapered, apex with short apiculum; venation finely complex-reticulate, areoles with only included veinlets in smaller blades but with numerous secondary areoles in largest blades. Sporophores arising at or near ground level, 2-6 times as long as trophophore; sporangial clusters 0.5-1.5cm, 1.5 mm or less wide, mostly with 5-12 pairs of sporangia, apiculum 0.5-1 mm.


Phenology: Leaves appearing in latter half of winter and early spring, sometimes with second flush in same year after heavy rains.
Habitat: Second-growth fields, vacant lots, roadside ditches, and lawns
Elevation: 0-90 m

Distribution

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Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Pacific Islands.

Discussion

Ophioglossum nudicaule is much less common than O. crotalophoroides; they often occur together and are found in the same or similar habitats. The gametophytes of O. nudicaule are typical for the genus (M.R. Mesler et al. 1975). A given colony may be made up of small, medium, or large plants (W.H. Wagner Jr., C. M. Allen, and G.P. Landry 1984).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Ophioglossum nudicaule"
Warren H. Wagner Jr. +  and Florence S. Wagner +
Linnaeus +
Slender adder's-tongue +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Asia +, Africa +  and Pacific Islands. +
0-90 m +
Second-growth fields, vacant lots, roadside ditches, and lawns +
Leaves appearing in latter half of winter and early spring, sometimes with second flush in same year after heavy rains. +
Illustrated +
Ophioglossum dendroneuron +, Ophioglossum ellipticum +  and Ophioglossum mononeuron +
Ophioglossum nudicaule +
Ophioglossum +
species +