Opuntia polyacantha var. erinacea

(Engelmann & J. M. Bigelow) B. D. Parfitt

Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 70: 188. 1998.

Common names: Mojave pricklypear grizzly bear pricklypear
Basionym: Opuntia erinacea Engelmann & J. M. Bigelow Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 301. 1856
Synonyms: Opuntia erinacea var. ursina (F. A. C. Weber) Parish Opuntia hystricina var. ursina (F. A. C. Weber) Backeberg Opuntia ursina
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 148. Mentioned on page 145, 147.

Stem segments elliptic to obovate, (7–)10–20 × 5–10 cm; areoles 8–14 per diagonal row across midstem segment, 12–17 mm apart. Spines 1–18 per areole, in essentially all areoles, grading in size and orientation, yellow to dark brown, turning gray, pink-gray, or gray-brown, the longest spreading and curling in all directions especially on proximal stem segments, usually ascending and ± straight near stem segment apex, deflexed to reflexed near base, (35–)40–90(–185) mm, spines of older stem segments more numerous, less straight, and reflexed. Fruits stout; areoles 20–33, each bearing 7–13 spines, 8–20 mm. 2n = 44.

Phenology: Flowering late spring.
Habitat: Deserts, desert grasslands, juniper woodlands, alluvial, sandy or gravelly soils
Elevation: 1000-1400 m


V4 288-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Calif., Nev., Utah.


Plants of Opuntia polyacantha var. erinacea with very long, wavy hairlike spines have been treated as O. ursina or O. erinacea var. ursina. Such plants, however, occur at the original (type) locality for var. erinaceae, and the characteristic spines may appear on the oldest stem of otherwise straight-spined plants. The name Opuntia erinacea has been widely misapplied to some plants of other varieties of O. polyacantha.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

Donald J. Pinkava +
(Engelmann & J. M. Bigelow) B. D. Parfitt +
Opuntia erinacea +
Mojave pricklypear +  and grizzly bear pricklypear +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, Nev. +  and Utah. +
1000-1400 m +
Deserts, desert grasslands, juniper woodlands, alluvial, sandy or gravelly soils +
Flowering late spring. +
Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) +
Opuntia erinacea var. ursina +, Opuntia hystricina var. ursina +  and Opuntia ursina +
Opuntia polyacantha var. erinacea +
Opuntia polyacantha +
variety +