Paulownia

Siebold & Zuccarini

Fl. Jap. 1: 25. 1835

Introduced
Etymology: For Anna Paulowna Romanov, 1795–1865, Grand Duchess of Russia and daughter of Czar Paul I, Hereditary Princess of the Netherlands
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 454. Mentioned on page 6, 453.
Thyrses: bracts absent. Pedicels present; bracteoles absent. Flowers: calyx campanulate, lobes ovate to broadly ovate or oblong; corolla lavender, pinkish purple, or purple externally, whitish or yellowish internally on palate and lined with reddish purple nectar guides, abaxial lobes 3, adaxial 2; stamens: filaments glabrous; stigma capitate. Seeds: margins winged, wings clear or tan. x = 20.

Distribution

Asia (China), introduced also in Europe, e Asia.

Discussion

Species 7 (1 in the flora).

Paulownias long have held mythical, spiritual, cultural, and economic significance in China and Japan (Hu S. Y. 1959, 1961). The wood of some species is highly prized in Asia; Paulownia tomentosa is grown in the United States in plantations for wood that is exported to Japan.

The fossil record provides evidence of Paulownia in North America and Europe during the Tertiary (C. J. Smiley 1961).

References

None.