s Asia, Africa, Australia, introduced also in South America, Europe, elsewhere in Asia, n Africa, Pacific Islands.
Genera ca. 13, species ca. 79 (2 genera, 2 species in the flora).
Often combined with the chiefly New World Martyniaceae, Pedaliaceae are an Old World family distinguished by mucilaginous hairs, nectaries on the pedicels, axile placentation, colpate pollen, and fruits without an enlarged, woody endocarp (H.-D. Ihlenfeldt 1967, 2004). Pedaliaceae appear to be most closely related to members of Acanthaceae and Bignoniaceae. Molecular study supports results of morphological studies (R. G. Olmstead et al. 2001) and indicates that Martyniaceae and Pedaliaceae are nested in different clades.
The center of diversity of Pedaliaceae is sub-Saharan Africa, where all but one genus are native. Both genera introduced to the flora area belong to Sesameae (Endlicher) Meisner, one of three tribes recognized (H.-D. Ihlenfeldt 2004).
|Author||Richard K. Rabeler +, Craig C. Freeman + and Wayne J. Elisens +|
|Authority||R. Brown +|
|Common name||Sesame Family +|
|Distribution||s Asia +, Africa +, Australia +, introduced also in South America +, Europe +, elsewhere in Asia +, n Africa + and Pacific Islands. +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Barbara Alongi +|
|Reference||ihlenfeldt1967a +, ihlenfeldt2004a + and manning1991a +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V17/V17 780.xml +|
|Taxon family||Pedaliaceae +|
|Taxon name||Pedaliaceae +|
|Taxon rank||family +|
|Volume||Volume 17 +|