Persicaria sect. Cephalophilon

(Meisner) H. Gross

Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 4: 27. 1913.

Basionym: Polygonum sect. Cephalophilon Meisner in N. Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 59. 1832
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 579. Mentioned on page 574, 581.

Stems prostrate or decumbent to ascending or erect, branched, unarmed. Leaves: ocrea usually chartaceous, rarely coriaceous proximally and chartaceous distally, margins eciliate or ciliate; petiole usually winged, auriculate; blade usually with dark triangular or lunate blotch adaxially, broadly elliptic to ovate, base cordate, rounded, truncate, or cuneate, margins entire. Inflorescences terminal or terminal and axillary, capitate, uninterrupted. Flowers homostylous, articulation swollen or not; perianth urceolate or campanulate; tepals (4–)5, connate 1/3–1/2 their length; stamens (5–)8; styles deciduous, 2–3, included, spreading.


Introduced; Asia, introduced also in Europe, Africa, Pacific Islands.


Species ca. 16 (3 in the flora).

Selected References



1 Achenes biconvex; abaxial surface of leaf blades glandular-punctate Persicaria nepalensis
1 Achenes 3-gonous; abaxial surface of leaf blades not glandular-punctate > 2
2 Leaf blade margins ciliate with reddish, multicellular hairs; ocreae lanate; peduncles glabrous or stipitate-glandular distally Persicaria capitata
2 Leaf blade margins glabrous or antrorsely scabrous with whitish hairs; ocreae glabrous or pubescent; peduncles stipitate-glandular along entire length Persicaria chinensis