Persicaria virginiana

(Linnaeus) Gaertner
Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 180. 1790.
Common names: Jumpseed renouée de Virginie
Illustrated
Basionym: Polygonum virginianum Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 360. 1753
Synonyms: Antenoron virginianum (Linnaeus) Roberty & Vautier Tovara virginiana (Linnaeus) Rafinesque
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 575. Mentioned on page 218.

Plants perennial, 4.5–6(–13) dm; rhizomatous. Stems ribbed, glabrous or strigose. Leaves: ocrea brownish hyaline, cylindric, 10–20 mm, base inflated or not, margins truncate, ciliate with bristles 0.5–4 mm, surface strigose to tomentose; petiole (0.1–)1–2 cm, leaves sometimes sessile; blade 5–17.5 × 2–10 cm, apex acute to acuminate, faces pubescent abaxially, strigose and scabrous adaxially. Inflorescences (50–)100–350 × 7–15 mm; peduncle 10–70 mm, pubescent or glabrous distally; ocreolae not overlapping, margins ciliate with bristles to 3 mm. Pedicels ascending to spreading, 0.5–1 mm. Flowers 1–3 per ocreate fascicle; perianth white, greenish white, or rarely pink, glabrous, accrescent; tepals elliptic to obovate, 2.5–3.5 mm, apex acute to acuminate; filaments distinct, outer ones sometimes adnate to perianth tube; anthers yellow or pink, ovate; styles distinct. Achenes included except for apex and styles, brown to dark brown, biconvex, 3.5–4 × 2–2.8 mm, dull to shiny, smooth to rugose. 2n = 44.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Oct.
Habitat: Rich deciduous forests, floodplain forests, dry woodlands, thickets
Elevation: 0-500 m

Distribution

V5 1177-distribution-map.gif

Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Wis., c Mexico.

Discussion

Tension in the articulation of the pedicels is sufficient to throw mature achenes 3–4 m when the inflorescence is bumped, and the persistent, hooked styles aid in the dispersal of achenes in the fur of animals (H. S. Reed and I. Smoot 1906). A hot infusion of leaves with bark of honey-locust (Gleditsia triacanthos Linnaeus) was used by the Cherokee to treat whooping cough (D. E. Moerman 1998).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Persicaria virginiana"
Harold R. Hinds† +  and Craig C. Freeman +
(Linnaeus) Gaertner +
Polygonum virginianum +
Jumpseed +  and renouée de Virginie +
Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +  and c Mexico. +
0-500 m +
Rich deciduous forests, floodplain forests, dry woodlands, thickets +
Flowering Jul–Oct. +
Fruct. Sem. Pl. +
Illustrated +
Antenoron virginianum +  and Tovara virginiana +
Persicaria virginiana +
Persicaria sect. Tovara +
species +