Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 2: 104. 1891.
Shrubs, 10 dm. Stems often decumbent, spreading, reddish brown becoming dark gray, glabrous or sparsely stellate-hairy. Leaves: stipules linear to narrowly elliptic or subulate, 4–5 × 1 mm, base attenuate, apex acute; petiole 0.5–2.2 cm; blade broadly ovate, 1.5–4 × 2–4.5 cm, sometimes wider than long, base usually truncate to cordate, rarely broadly cuneate, 0 or 1–5-lobed, margins doubly crenate to doubly serrate, apex rounded to obtuse, surfaces glabrous or sparsely stellate-hairy. Inflorescences 10(–15)–30-flowered, fairly dense, hemispheric racemes, 4 cm diam.; bracts linear to narrowly elliptic or narrowly obovate, 2–4 mm, apex acute, rarely 2-fid. Pedicels 8–18 mm, sparsely to moderately stellate-hairy. Flowers 8–10 mm diam.; hypanthium cup-shaped, 1.7–2 mm, sparsely to moderately stellate-hairy; sepals triangular to ovate, 3 mm, apex gland-tipped, surfaces sparsely to moderately stellate-hairy; petals white, broadly elliptic to orbiculate, 4.5 × 4 mm; stamens 20–40, ± equal to petals; carpels (1)2(3), connate at least 1/2 their lengths, densely stellate-hairy. Follicles (1)2(3), inflated, 2.5 mm (lengths shorter than sepals), densely stellate-hairy, hairs white; styles 3.5 mm. Seeds 1–3, pyriform, 2–2.5 mm. 2n = 18.
Phenology: Flowering May–Aug; fruiting Jul–Oct.
Habitat: Open rocky wooded slopes, seepage ledges, canyons
Elevation: 1800–2600 m
Ariz., Colo., Mont., Nev., N.Mex., Okla., S.Dak., Tex., Utah, Wyo.