Pohlia wahlenbergii

(F. Weber & D. Mohr) A. L. Andrews in A. J. Grout

in A. J. Grout, Moss Fl. N. Amer. 2. 203. 1935

Selected by author to be illustrated
Basionyms: Hypnum wahlenbergii F. Weber & D. Mohr Bot. Taschenbuch, 280, 475. 1807
Synonyms: Mniobryum wahlenbergii (F. Weber & D. Mohr) Jennings
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 212. Mentioned on page 196, 210.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Patricia M. Eckel
Plants small to very large, whitish or sometimes in large forms reddish, dull. Stems 0.8–10 cm. Leaves laxly spreading to more stiffly erect, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 0.6–1.2 mm; margins weakly to strongly serrulate in distal 1/3; costa ending well before apex; distal medial laminal cells laxly and broadly hexagonal to rhomboidal, 65–110 µm, walls thin. Specialized asexual reproduction absent. Sexual condition dioicous; perigonial leaves ovate; perichaetial leaves weakly differentiated, lanceolate. Seta orange-brown. Capsule inclined ± 180°, brown to red-brown, sometimes stramineous, short-pyriform to urceolate, neck less than 1/3 urn length; exothecial cells isodiametric, walls sinuate; stomata immersed; annulus absent; operculum short- to long-conic; exostome teeth light brown to red-brown, triangular-acute; endostome hyaline to yellow, basal membrane 1/2 exostome length or slightly longer, segments tapered apically, distinctly keeled, broadly perforate, cilia long, nodulose. Spores 15–21 µm, finely roughened.

Phenology: Capsules mature spring (Apr–Jun).
Habitat: Disturbed clay or rarely sandy soil, path banks, along streams
Elevation: low to high elevations

Distribution

V28 341-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., D.C., Idaho, Ill., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., S.Dak., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Mexico, Central America, South America, Eurasia, Antarctica.

Discussion

Pohlia wahlenbergii is one of the most geographically widespread and common species of the genus. The leaves are pale whitish, decurrent, and have lax, thin-walled cells. The species varies greatly in size from very slender delicate plants in suboptimal habitats to large and deep cushions in cold high altitude and latitude sites. Large plants of P. wahlenbergii typically have red stems and sometimes reddish pigmentation to the leaves as well. Some authors refer large expressions to var. glaciale (or P. glaciale), but gradation in size and pigmentation is completely continuous, and different collectors draw the line between the typical variety and var. glaciale at different points. The exothecial cell walls in capsules of this species are somewhat collenchymatous.

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Pohlia wahlenbergii"
AuthorA. Jonathan Shaw +
Authority(F. Weber & D. Mohr) A. L. Andrews in A. J. Grout +
BasionymsHypnum wahlenbergii +
DistributionGreenland +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, D.C. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Mexico +, Central America +, South America +, Eurasia + and Antarctica. +
Elevationlow to high elevations +
HabitatDisturbed clay or rarely sandy soil, path banks, along streams +
IllustratorPatricia M. Eckel +
PhenologyCapsules mature spring (Apr–Jun). +
Publication titlein A. J. Grout, Moss Fl. N. Amer. +
Publication year1935 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V28/V28 341.xml +
Special statusSelected by author to be illustrated +
SynonymsMniobryum wahlenbergii +
Taxon familyMielichhoferiaceae +
Taxon namePohlia wahlenbergii +
Taxon parentPohlia +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 28 +