Gen. Fil. plate 9. 1834
Illustrator: John Myers
Habitat: Forest floor and shady, rocky slopes
Elevation: 0–1500 m
N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Mexico, naturalized in Europe.
Polystichum acrostichoides is a common species most closely related to P. munitum (G. Yatskievych et al. 1988), which also occurs extensively on forest floors.
The dimorphic pinnae of Polystichum acrostichoides are not unique to the genus; they are found also in some Asian species. Numerous variants have been named, mostly as forms, but none are of taxonomic consequence. Hybrids are known with P. braunii (P. × potteri Barrington) and P. lonchitis (P. × hagenahii Cody). The latter hybrid is rare, known only from its type locality in Ontario, where it grows with both parents. It is recognized by its intermediate morphology (leaves wider than P. lonchitis, narrower than P. acrostichoides, with slightly contracted sorus-bearing pinnae) and malformed sporangia and spores. Polystichum × potteri is much more widespread, from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Quebec through New England to Pennsylvania. It resembles P. braunii but has narrower leaves bearing malformed sporangia.
|Author||David H. Wagner +|
|Authority||(Michaux) Schott +|
|Basionyms||Nephrodium acrostichoides +|
|Common name||Christmas fern + and polystic faux-acrostic +|
|Distribution||N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Mexico + and Naturalized in Europe. +|
|Elevation||0–1500 m +|
|Habitat||Forest floor and shady, rocky slopes +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Publication title||Gen. Fil. +|
|Publication year||1834 +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V2/V2 680.xml +|
|Taxon family||Dryopteridaceae +|
|Taxon name||Polystichum acrostichoides +|
|Taxon parent||Polystichum +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 2 +|