Potamogeton praelongus

Wulfen

Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 3: 331. 1805

Common names: White-stemmed pondweed potamot à longs pédoncules
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.
Rhizome present. Cauline stems terete, without spots, to 210 cm; nodal glands absent. Turions absent. Leaves submersed, ± spirally arranged, sessile, lax; stipules persistent, conspicuous, convolute, free from blade, white to green, not ligulate, 3–8.1 cm, fibrous, shredding at apex; blade pale green, rarely olive green, linear-lanceolate, not arcuate, 0.8–2.8 cm × 11–46 mm, base clasping, without basal lobes, margins entire, rarely crispate, apex hoodlike, splitting when pressed, obtuse, lacunae absent; veins 11–33. Inflorescences emersed, unbranched; peduncles not dimorphic, terminal or axillary, erect to spreading, cylindric, 9.5–53 cm; spikes not dimorphic, cylindric, 34–75 mm. Fruits sessile, greenish brown, obovoid, turgid, abaxially keeled, occasionally laterally keeled, 4–5.7 × 3.2–4 mm, lateral keels when present without points; beak erect, 0.6–1 mm; sides without basal tubercles; embryo with 1 full spiral. 2n = 52.

Phenology: Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat: Neutral to alkaline waters of lakes, rivers, and streams
Elevation: Greenland; 100–3000 m

Distribution

V22 559-distribution-map.jpg

Greenland, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Calif., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Ind., Iowa, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Oreg., Pa., S.Dak., Utah, Vt., Wis., Wyo., Mexico, Eurasia.

Discussion

Potamogeton praelongus is one of the easiest pondweeds to identify with its submersed leaves only clasping the more or less zigzagged stem. The persistent, hugelarge, white stipules provide another clue to this species.

Four hybrids, Potamogeton perfoliatus × P. praelongus (= P. × cognatus Ascherson & Graebner), P. alpinus × P. praelongus (= P. × griffithii A. Bennett), P. crispus × P. praelongus (= P. × undulatus Wolfgang ex Schultes & Schultes f.), and P. gramineus × P. praelongus (= P. × vilnensis Galinus), have been described.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

AuthorRobert R. Haynes + and C. Barre Hellquist +
AuthorityWulfen +
Common nameWhite-stemmed pondweed + and potamot à longs pédoncules +
DistributionGreenland +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Idaho +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Mexico + and Eurasia. +
ElevationGreenland + and 100–3000 m +
HabitatNeutral to alkaline waters of lakes, rivers, and streams +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologyFlowering summer–fall. +
Publication titleArch. Bot. (Leipzig) +
Publication year1805 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V22/V22 559.xml +
Taxon familyPotamogetonaceae +
Taxon namePotamogeton praelongus +
Taxon parentPotamogeton +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 22 +