Prunus lusitanica


Sp. Pl. 1: 473. 1753.

Common names: Portugal laurel
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 363. Mentioned on page 355.

Shrubs or trees, not suckering, 30–80(–200) dm, not thorny. Twigs with terminal end buds, glabrous. Leaves persistent; petiole 14–20 mm, glabrous, eglandular; blade elliptic, oblong-ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 6–13 × 2.5–7 cm, base obtuse to rounded, margins crenate-dentate, teeth blunt, glandular, apex acuminate, surfaces glabrous, abaxial eglandular, if glands present, restricted to margins. Inflorescences 18–60[–100]-flowered, racemes; central axes 100–280 mm, leafless at bases. Pedicels 7–15(–22) mm, glabrous. Flowers blooming after leaf emergence; hypanthium cupulate, 2.5–3.5 mm, glabrous externally; sepals spreading to reflexed, semicircular, 1–1.5 mm, margins entire, ± ciliate, abaxial surface glabrous, adaxial hairy; petals white, suborbiculate to obovate, 4–7 mm; ovaries glabrous. Drupes dark purple, ovoid to conic-ovoid, 8–12 mm, glabrous; mesocarps fleshy to leathery; stones ovoid, not flattened. 2n = 32, 64.

Phenology: Flowering May–Jul; fruiting Aug–Nov.
Habitat: Disturbed sites, thickets, urban forests
Elevation: 0–400 m


V9 588-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; B.C., Calif., Oreg., Wash., Europe.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Prunus lusitanica"
Joseph R. Rohrer +
Linnaeus +
Portugal laurel +
B.C. +, Calif. +, Oreg. +, Wash. +  and Europe. +
0–400 m +
Disturbed sites, thickets, urban forests +
Flowering May–Jul +  and fruiting Aug–Nov. +
Introduced +
Amygdalus +, Armeniaca +, Cerasus +, Lauro-cerasus +, Padus +  and Persica +
Prunus lusitanica +
species +