Pyracantha coccinea

M. Roemer
Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 3: 219. 1847.
Common names: Scarlet firethorn buisson ardent
IllustratedIntroduced
Basionym: Mespilus pyracantha Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 478. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 470. Mentioned on page 469.

Plants: crowns spreading, 10–60 dm. Stems: young twigs gray-hairy, glabrescent later. Leaves: stipules 4–8 mm; petiole 2–5 mm; blade elliptic or ovate to lanceolate or oblanceolate, 2–4 × 0.7–1.5 cm, base cuneate, margins finely crenulate-serrulate, apex acute, rarely obtuse, abaxial surface slightly hairy when young, glabrescent, adaxial glabrous. Inflorescences 3–4 cm diam.; bracteoles in distal axils 4–10 × 3–4 mm. Pedicels 3–10 mm, with coarse pale hairs. Flowers 6–8 mm diam.; hypanthium finely hairy; sepals triangular, 1.5–2 mm, apex acute; petals suborbiculate, 3–5 mm, apex rounded. Pomes bright red, 5–8 mm diam.; pedicels 5–12 mm. 2n = 34 (Europe).


Phenology: Flowering Mar–May; fruiting Aug–Jan.
Habitat: Mixed conifer forests, disturbed ground, fields, thickets, roadsides
Elevation: 0–1500 m

Distribution

V9 793-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; B.C., Ont., Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Ga., Ind., Kans., La., Miss., Mo., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., Wash., s Europe, w Asia, introduced also in w Europe (England), e Asia (Japan), Africa (South Africa), Australia.

Discussion

Pyracantha coccinea has been extensively planted throughout most of temperate North America. The species is native from southern Europe east to the Caucasus and western Asia.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Pyracantha coccinea"
Ronald W. Lance +  and Peter F. Zika +
M. Roemer +
Mespilus pyracantha +
Scarlet firethorn +  and buisson ardent +
B.C. +, Ont. +, Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Ga. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, La. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Va. +, Wash. +, s Europe +, w Asia +, introduced also in w Europe (England) +, e Asia (Japan) +, Africa (South Africa) +  and Australia. +
0–1500 m +
Mixed conifer forests, disturbed ground, fields, thickets, roadsides +
Flowering Mar–May +  and fruiting Aug–Jan. +
Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. +
Illustrated +  and Introduced +
Sportella +
Pyracantha coccinea +
Pyracantha +
species +