Pyrrocoma radiata

Nuttall
Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. 7: 333. 1840.
Common names: Snake River goldenweed
Endemic
Synonyms: Haplopappus carthamoides var. maximus A. Gray Haplopappus radiatus (Nuttall) Cronquist
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 423. Mentioned on page 413, 414.

Plants 40–90 cm. Stems 1–8, usually erect, rarely curved-ascending, pale, rarely reddish, robust, glabrous, eglandular. Leaves: basal (tufted), long-petiolate, blades (pale) broadly elliptic to obovate, 100–500 × 40–200 mm, rigid, margins entire or undulate, occasionally spinulose-serrate, eciliate; cauline reduced and becoming sessile distally, margins entire or sharply spinulose-serrate; faces glabrous. Heads borne singly or 3–12 in short, open corymbiform arrays (subtended by leaflike bracts). Peduncles 2–7 cm. Involucres broadly hemispheric, 20–32 × 25–40 mm. Phyllaries in 5–6 series, loosely appressed, ovate-oblong, unequal, margins pale, entire, eciliate, apices green, tip reflexed, faces glabrous. Ray florets 17–34; corollas inconspicuous, 7–13 mm. Disc florets 80–100; corollas 10–15 mm. Cypselae subcylindric, 6–11 mm, 4-angled, faces glabrous; pappi tawny or brownish, 9–13 mm. 2n = 36.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Sep.
Habitat: Dry hillsides, alkaline slopes
Elevation: 600–2400 m

Discussion

Pyrrocoma radiata is known only from the southern end of the Snake River canyon in Oregon and Idaho. It is considered endangered in Oregon. It is recognized by its large stature, glabrous herbage, and very large heads. It is most closely related to P. carthamoides and was formerly treated as a variety of that species. It is hexaploid and may be a gigas form of P. carthamoides.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.