Sp. Pl. 2: 996. 1753
Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Commonly on mesic slopes and well-drained uplands, occasionally on dry slopes or poorly drained uplands
Elevation: 0-1800 m
N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.
Trees with large nuts only one-fourth covered by flat saucer-shaped cups often are treated as Quercus rubra var. rubra; those with smaller nuts one-third covered by cup- or bowl-shaped cups are treated as Q. rubra var. borealis (F. Michaux) Farwell. While E. J. Palmer (1942) suggested that these two varieties do not, K. M. McDougal and C. R. Parks (1986) found evidence of correspondence between morphologic types and flavonoid chemotypes. This is one of the most important ornamental and timber trees in the genus.
Native Americans used Quercus rubra for a number of medical purposes, including the treatment of sores, weakness, lung problems, sore throat, dysentery, indigestion, chapped skin, chills and fevers, lost voice, asthma, cough, milky urine, hear trouble, blood diseases, and Italian itch, and as an appetizer (D. E. Moerman 1986).
Quercus rubra reportedly hybridizes with Q. coccinea (= Q. ×benderi Baenitz) and Q. ellipsoidalis (P. C. Swain 1972; R. J. Jensen et al. 1993); with Q. ilicifolia (= Q. ×fernaldii Trelease), Q. imbricaria [Q. ×runcinata (A. de Candolle) Engelmann], and Q. marilandica (E. J. Palmer 1948; D. M. Hunt 1989); with Q. nigra (D. M. Hunt 1989); and with Q. palustris (= Q. ×columnaris Laughlin), Q. phellos (= Q. ×heterophylla F. Michaux), Q. shumardii (= Q. ×riparia Laughlin), and Q. velutina (= Q. ×hawkinsii Sudworth).
|Author||Kevin C. Nixon +|
|Common name||Northern red oak + and chêne rouge +|
|Distribution||N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. + and Wis. +|
|Elevation||0-1800 m +|
|Habitat||Commonly on mesic slopes and well-drained uplands, occasionally on dry slopes or poorly drained uplands +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Phenology||Flowering spring. +|
|Publication title||Sp. Pl. +|
|Publication year||1753 +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 1109.xml +|
|Special status||Endemic + and Illustrated +|
|Synonyms||Quercus borealis + and Quercus maxima +|
|Taxon family||Fagaceae +|
|Taxon name||Quercus rubra +|
|Taxon parent||Quercus sect. Lobatae +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 3 +|