Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. 7: 429. 1841
Common names: Rafinesque’s chicory
Etymology: For Constantin Samuel Rafinesque, 1783–1840, naturalist and polymath who traveled widely in nineteenth-century America
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 348. Mentioned on page 215, 360.
Annuals, 15–150 cm; taprooted. Stems 1–3, erect, simple or distally branched (hollow), glabrous. Leaves basal and cauline; basal petiolate or sessile, blades oblong to oblanceolate, pinnately lobed (lobes broad or narrow); cauline sessile, sometimes auriculate clasping, distal smaller, becoming entire and bractlike. Heads (erect) borne singly (at ends of branches) or in open, paniculiform arrays. Involucres cylindro-conic, (4–)6–15+ mm diam. Calyculi of 8–14, spreading to reflexed, unequal bractlets (lengths to 1/2 phyllaries). Phyllaries 7–20 in 1 series, linear-lanceolate, ± equal, margins scarious, apices acuminate. Receptacles flat, smooth, glabrous, epaleate. Florets 15–30; corollas white, sometimes with rose or purplish veins abaxially (outer surpassing phyllaries). Cypselae tan to mottled grayish brown, fusiform, 9–18(–20) mm, bodies tapering to beaks, ribs or ridges 5, outer usually with antrorse hairs or papillate or scaly indument, inner mostly smooth to cross-rugulose, glabrous; pappi (borne on small discs) ± persistent, of 5–21, white or sordid, ± plumose (at least proximally, barbs sometimes entangled) bristles in 1 series. x = 8.
sw United States, nw Mexico.
Species 2 (2 in the flora).
|1||Ligules surpassing phyllaries by 5–7 mm; cypselae 9–14 mm, including beaks 5–7 mm; pappus bristles wholly plumose, barbs straight, separate||Rafinesquia californica|
|1||Ligules surpassing phyllaries by 15–20 mm; cypselae 12–18(–20) mm, including beaks 3–6 mm; pappus bristles plumose on proximal 65–80%, barbs crooked, entangled||Rafinesquia neomexicana|
Facts about "Rafinesquia"
|Author||L. D. Gottlieb +|
|Common name||Rafinesque’s chicory +|
|Distribution||sw United States + and nw Mexico. +|
|Etymology||For Constantin Samuel Rafinesque, 1783–1840, naturalist and polymath who traveled widely in nineteenth-century America +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Bee F. Gunn +|
|Publication title||Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. +|
|Publication year||1841 +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V19 543.xml +|
|Synonyms||Undefined tribe Lactuceae +|
|Taxon family||Asteraceae +|
|Taxon name||Rafinesquia +|
|Taxon parent||Asteraceae tribe Cichorieae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 19 +|