Rhapidophyllum hystrix

(Pursh) H. Wendland & Drude

Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 34: 803. 1876

Common names: Needle palm palmier a aiguilles
Basionyms: Chamaerops hystrix Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 240. 1814
Synonyms: Rhapis caroliniana Hort ex Kunth Sabal hystrix (Pursh) Nuttall
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 101.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Stems erect or procumbent, short, 1–7 dm, caespitose shoots often present. Leaves less than 70 cm wide; leaf sheath bearing stout emergent spinelike fibers, ca. 50 cm. Flowers yellowish. Fruits brown, ellipsoid, length ca. 2 cm, diam. 1.5 cm. 2n = 36.

Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Rich soil over limestone in shady mesic to wet woodlands, and along banks of ravines and streams
Elevation: 20–100 m


V22 605-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., Miss., S.C.


The palm usually grows prodecumbently with adventitious roots emerging from the trunk where it contacts moist soil (A. G. Shuey and R. P. Wunderlin 1977). In the wild, Rhapidophyllum forms suckers along its stem, and it is thatis vegetative reproduction, more than seedling reproduction, that maintains most populations (K. E. Clancy and M. J. Sullivan 1988).

Flowers are protandrous and most likely to be pollinated by a species of Notolomus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). The evil-smelling and curiously hirsute fruits are taken by black bears (D. S. Maehr and J. R. Brady 1984) and other mammals (A. G. Shuey and R. P. Wunderlin 1977).



Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

AuthorScott Zona +
Authority(Pursh) H. Wendland & Drude +
BasionymsChamaerops hystrix +
Common nameNeedle palm + and palmier a aiguilles +
DistributionAla. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Miss. + and S.C. +
Elevation20–100 m +
HabitatRich soil over limestone in shady mesic to wet woodlands, and along banks of ravines and streams +
PhenologyFlowering spring. +
Publication titleBot. Zeitung (Berlin) +
Publication year1876 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V22/V22 605.xml +
SynonymsRhapis caroliniana + and Sabal hystrix +
Taxon familyArecaceae +
Taxon nameRhapidophyllum hystrix +
Taxon parentRhapidophyllum +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 22 +