Rhapidophyllum hystrix

(Pursh) H. Wendland & Drude
Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 34: 803. 1876.
Common names: Needle palm palmier a aiguilles
IllustratedEndemic
Basionyms: Chamaerops hystrix Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 240. 1814
Synonyms: Rhapis caroliniana Hort ex Kunth Sabal hystrix (Pursh) Nuttall
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 101.
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Stems erect or procumbent, short, 1–7 dm, caespitose shoots often present. Leaves less than 70 cm wide; leaf sheath bearing stout emergent spinelike fibers, ca. 50 cm. Flowers yellowish. Fruits brown, ellipsoid, length ca. 2 cm, diam. 1.5 cm. 2n = 36.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Rich soil over limestone in shady mesic to wet woodlands, and along banks of ravines and streams
Elevation: 20–100 m

Distribution

V22 605-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., Miss., S.C.

Discussion

The palm usually grows prodecumbently with adventitious roots emerging from the trunk where it contacts moist soil (A. G. Shuey and R. P. Wunderlin 1977). In the wild, Rhapidophyllum forms suckers along its stem, and it is thatis vegetative reproduction, more than seedling reproduction, that maintains most populations (K. E. Clancy and M. J. Sullivan 1988).

Flowers are protandrous and most likely to be pollinated by a species of Notolomus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). The evil-smelling and curiously hirsute fruits are taken by black bears (D. S. Maehr and J. R. Brady 1984) and other mammals (A. G. Shuey and R. P. Wunderlin 1977).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Rhapidophyllum hystrix"
Scott Zona +
(Pursh) H. Wendland & Drude +
Chamaerops hystrix +
Needle palm +  and palmier a aiguilles +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Miss. +  and S.C. +
20–100 m +
Rich soil over limestone in shady mesic to wet woodlands, and along banks of ravines and streams +
Flowering spring. +
Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Rhapis caroliniana +  and Sabal hystrix +
Rhapidophyllum hystrix +
Rhapidophyllum +
species +