Sabal palmetto

(Walter) Loddiges ex Schultes & Schultes f. in J. J. Roemer et al.

in J. J. Roemer et al.,Syst. Veg. 7(2):1487. 1830

Common names: Cabbage-palm palmetto chou palmiste
Basionyms: Corypha palmetto Walter Fl. Carol., 119. 1788
Synonyms: Chamaerops palmetto (Walter) Michaux Corypha palma W. Bartram Inodes palmetto (Walter) O. F. Cook Sabal jamesiana Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 109.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator:
Stems usually aerial, 20–35 cm diam. Leaves 15–30, strongly costapalmate, bearing threadlike fibers between segments; hastula acute to acuminate, 5.3–18 cm; segments 55–120 × 2.5–4.2 cm; apices bifid2-cleft. Inflorescences with 3 orders of branching (not counting main inflorescence axis), arching, equaling or exceeding leaves in length. Flowers 4.1–6.7 mm. Fruits black, spheroid, length 8–13.8 mm, diam. 8.1–13.9 mm. Seeds 4–7 mm, diam. 5.4–9.7 mm diam. 2n = 36.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (northern part of range) or year around (southern part of range).
Habitat: Hammocks, pinelands, river banks, dunes, tidal flats
Elevation: 0–40 m

Distribution

V22 323-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Ga., N.C., S.C., West Indies (Bahamas, Cuba).

Discussion

Sabal palmetto grows in a variety of habitats, from pine and oak associations to coastal dunes and to coastal marshes (K. E. Brown 1976; S. Zona 1990). Like S. minor, it is polymorphic at the extremes of its range; however, differences in stature, size, and trunk characteristics are not of a magnitude to warrant taxonomic rank. In the pine rocklands of Dade County, Florida, S. palmetto may flower and fruit with little or no aboveground trunk.

Although Sabal palmetto is a moderately important honey plant, its greatest economic use is as an ornamental.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Sabal palmetto"
AuthorScott Zona +
Authority(Walter) Loddiges ex Schultes & Schultes f. in J. J. Roemer et al. +
BasionymsCorypha palmetto +
Common nameCabbage-palm +, palmetto + and chou palmiste +
DistributionFla. +, Ga. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, West Indies (Bahamas + and Cuba). +
Elevation0–40 m +
HabitatHammocks, pinelands, river banks, dunes, tidal flats +
PhenologyFlowering spring–summer (northern part of range) or year around (southern part of range). +
Publication titlein J. J. Roemer et al.,Syst. Veg. +
Publication year1830 +
Referencebrown1976a +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V22/V22 323.xml +
SynonymsChamaerops palmetto +, Corypha palma +, Inodes palmetto + and Sabal jamesiana +
Taxon familyArecaceae +
Taxon nameSabal palmetto +
Taxon parentSabal +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 22 +