Secale strictum

(C. Presl) C. Presl
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 24. Treatment on page 259.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Cindy Roché
Plants perennial, short-lived; cespitose. Culms (35) 60-100(150) cm. Blades 2-8 mm wide, glabrous or scabridulous. Spikes (3.5)5-8(11) cm; disarticulation occurring readily, in the rachises, at the nodes. Glumes 8-11 mm, densely scabrous on the keels, acuminate or awned, awns 3-4 mm; lemmas 8-16 mm, awns 2-25 mm. 2n = 14.

Discussion

Secale strictum is native to Eurasia and, as a disjunct, to South Africa. It grows on dry, stony or sandy soils, often in mountainous areas. So far as is known, it is not established in the Flora region.

Hitchcock (1951) reported that Secale strictum had become established around the Agricultural Experiment Station in Pullman, Washington, but it is no longer present there. Prior to 1931, the station worked on development of a S. cereale x S. strictum strain that would combine the perennial habit with good seed production. The attempt had been abandoned by 1931, but hybrid seed had been distributed as ‘Michael’s Grass’. The seed was originally thought to be derived from a Triticum aestivum x Leymus racemosus cross; subsequent studies, both morphological and cytological, revealed that it was S. cereal x S. strictum.

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Secale strictum"
AuthorMary E. Barkworth +
Authority(C. Presl) C. Presl +
DistributionConn. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Wash. +, D.C +, Wis. +, Mass. +, Maine +, N.H. +, R.I. +, Vt. +, Fla. +, Wyo. +, N.Mex. +, Tex. +, La. +, N.Dak. +, Nebr. +, Tenn. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Pa. +, Alaska +, Nev. +, Va. +, Colo. +, Md. +, Calif. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Ill. +, Ga. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ariz. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Oreg. +, Ohio +, Utah +, Mo. +, Minn. +, Mich. +, Kans. +, Miss. +, Ky. +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Greenland +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. And Labr. (Labr.) +, N.S. +, N.W.T. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon + and S.Dak. +
IllustratorCindy Roché +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://bibilujan@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/314eb390f968962f596ae85f506b4b3db8683b1b/coarse grained fna xml/V24/V24 373.xml +
SynonymsGramineae +
Taxon familyPoaceae +
Taxon nameSecale strictum +
Taxon parentSecale +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 24 +