Sida ulmifolia


Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Sida no. 1. 1768.

Common names: Broomweed escobilla southern sida common wire-weed
Synonyms: Sida acuta var. intermedia S. Y. Hu S. balbisiana de Candolle S. brachypetala de Candolle S. carpinifolia Miller S. carpinifolia var. balbisiana (de Candolle) Millspaugh S. carpinifolia var. brevicuspidata Grisebach
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 319. Mentioned on page 310, 311.

Herbs or subshrubs, perennial, branches distichous, 1 m. Stems erect, minutely stellate-hairy. Leaves distichous; stipules free from petiole, 1–3(–5)-veined, broadly falcate, 6–12 mm, often exceeding petiole; petiole (1–)4–5(–8) mm, ca. 1/10 blade length, obscurely stellate-hairy; blade lanceolate to ovate, 3–9 cm, 2–4 times longer than wide, base cuneate to rounded, margins serrate at least distally, apex acute, surfaces hirsute to glabrate. Inflorescences axillary solitary or paired flowers, sometimes more and subumbellate. Pedicels jointed near base, 0.2–0.5(–0.8) cm, subequal to calyx and subtending petiole. Flowers: calyx ribbed, 6–8 mm, often ciliate, lobes triangular; petals yellow, 7–10(–12) mm; staminal column glabrous or hairy; style 7–12-branched. Schizocarps subconic, 5–7 mm, glabrous; mericarps 7–12, 3–4 mm, laterally reticulate, apex spined, spines to 0.5 mm. 2n = 28.

Phenology: Flowering year-round.
Habitat: Disturbed sites, principally coastal
Elevation: 0–50 m


V6 585-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Venezuela), s Asia, Africa, Pacific Islands, Australia.


Sida ulmifolia is pantropical and weedy but thought to have originated in Central America. In previous floras it and S. planicaulis have been treated as S. acuta Burman f., but that is a different species from those from Brazil, Guatemala, Mozambique, Sri Lanka, southeastern Asia, several Pacific islands, and Australia. Under different names, S. ulmifolia has been reported also from New Jersey and ballast.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Sida ulmifolia"
Paul A. Fryxell† +  and Steven R. Hill +
Miller +
Broomweed +, escobilla +, southern sida +  and common wire-weed +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America (Bolivia +, Brazil +, Colombia +, Guyana +, Venezuela) +, s Asia +, Africa +, Pacific Islands +  and Australia. +
0–50 m +
Disturbed sites, principally coastal +
Flowering year-round. +
Gard. Dict. ed. +
Sida acuta var. intermedia +, S. balbisiana +, S. brachypetala +, S. carpinifolia +, S. carpinifolia var. balbisiana +  and S. carpinifolia var. brevicuspidata +
Sida ulmifolia +
species +