Sideroxylon celastrinum

(Kunth) T. D. Pennington in Organization for Flora Neotropica
in Organization for Flora Neotropica, Fl. Neotrop. 52: 123. 1990,.
Common names: Saffron plum coma
Basionym: Bumelia celastrina Kunth in A. von Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 7(fol.): 164; 7(qto.): 212. 1825;
Synonyms: Bumelia angustifolia Nuttall Bumelia celastrina var. angustifolia (Nuttall) R. W. Long
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 238. Mentioned on page 237, 239.

Shrubs or trees, to 10 m. Stems armed, villous, glabrescent. Leaves deciduous; petiole 1–6.5 mm, glabrous; blade (dark green adaxially), broadly elliptic, obovate, oblanceolate, or spatulate, 6–38 × 3–23 mm, base attenuate to cuneate, margins plane, apex rounded to obtuse, surfaces glabrous, tertiary and smaller veins not prominent (inconspicuously reticulate), midrib flat, marginal vein present. Inflorescences 4–12-flowered. Pedicels 3–6 mm, glabrous. Flowers: calyx 1.8–3 mm diam.; sepals 5, 1.7–3 × 0.9–1.9 mm, glabrous; petals 5(–6), white to yellowish, median segment elliptic, 1.9–2.3 mm, lateral segments lanceolate, 1.3–2.3 mm; stamens 5(–6), 2.2–2.9 mm; staminodes lanceolate, 1.7–2.1 mm, minutely erose; anthers lanceolate, 0.7–1 mm; pistil 5-carpellate; ovary 5-locular, 0.9–1.3 mm, hirsute to strigose basally; style 2.2–2.8 mm. Berries purple to purplish black, ellipsoid, 8–12 mm, glabrous. Seeds 6–11 mm.

Phenology: Flowering May–Nov.
Habitat: Scrub thickets, coastal marshes and hammocks
Elevation: 0-100[-900] m


V8 490-distribution-map.gif

Fla., Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, n South America.


Sideroxylon celastrinum is widespread in the Neotropics. It differs from other North American species of the genus by its glabrous twigs, leaves, pedicels, and sepals, and its narrowly ellipsoid fruits. The fruits are edible (T. D. Pennington 1990).

Selected References


Lower Taxa


... more about "Sideroxylon celastrinum"
Wayne J. Elisens +  and J. Matthew Jones +
(Kunth) T. D. Pennington in Organization for Flora Neotropica +
Bumelia celastrina +
Saffron plum +  and coma +
Fla. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and n South America. +
0-100[-900] m +
Scrub thickets, coastal marshes and hammocks +
Flowering May–Nov. +
in Organization for Flora Neotropica, Fl. Neotrop. +
Bumelia angustifolia +  and Bumelia celastrina var. angustifolia +
Sideroxylon celastrinum +
Sideroxylon +
species +