Solidago ptarmicoides

(Torrey & A. Gray) B. Boivin
Phytologia 23: 21. 1972.
Common names: Upland white aster white flat-top goldenrod verge d’or faux-ptarmica
Endemic
Basionym: Aster ptarmicoides Torrey & A. Gray Fl. N. Amer. 2: 160. 1842
Synonyms: Diplopappus albus (Nuttall) Lindley ex Hooker Diplopappus ptarmicoides (Nees) Lindley Doellingeria ptarmicoides Nees Eucephalus albus (Nuttall) Nuttall Heleastrum album (Nuttall) de Candolle Inula alba Nuttall Oligoneuron album (Nuttall) G. L. Nesom Solidago asteroides Semple Unamia alba (Nuttall) Rydberg Unamia ptarmicoides (Nees) Greene
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 164. Mentioned on page 108, 162, 165, 166.

Plants 10–40 cm; caudices branching; vascular bundles and petiole bases marcescent (attached to old stems for more than a season). Stems 1–20+, erect, slender, glabrous proximally, hispid distally. Leaves: basal and proximal cauline persistent, subpetiolate to sessile, blades sometimes 3-nerved, linear to linear-lanceolate, 60–100 × 7–10 mm, stiff, flat, margins entire or subentire, faces glabrous or sparsely hairy; mid to distal cauline sessile, blades linear oblanceolate to linear, 20–40 × 3–5 mm, reduced distally, margins entire. Heads 1–25(–50), in corymbiform arrays. Peduncles 29–36.5 mm, strigillose; bracteoles linear. Involucres 5–6 mm. Phyllaries in 4–5 series, usually prominently 1-nerved, linear, strongly unequal, outer acute, inner acute to obtuse, glabrous. Ray florets 10–20, usually white, rarely pale yellow (conspicuous); laminae 7–7.3 × 1.4–1.6 mm. Disc florets 30–36; corollas 3.8–4.1 mm, lobes 0.5–0.7 mm. Cypselae (obconic) 1–1.5 mm (ribbed), glabrous; pappi 3.4–4 mm (apically clavate). 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Oct.
Habitat: Dry, sandy, usually calcareous soils, cracks in rocks, limestone pavements, rocky outcrops, grassy slopes, prairies
Elevation: 0–1500 m

Distribution

V20-359-distribution-map.gif

Man., Ont., Que., Sask., Colo., Conn., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., N.H., N.Y., Ohio, Okla., S.C., S.Dak., Vt., Wis., Wyo.

Discussion

L. Brouillet and J. C. Semple (1981) summarized the morphologic, chemical, cytological, and hybridization data on Solidago ptarmicoides and concluded that, except for the white rays, it is a typical member of sect. Ptarmicoidei. The species hybridizes with S. rigida, S. ohioensis, S. riddellii, and perhaps other goldenrods. It is not known to hybridize with any species of aster (regardless of genus); the supposed Aster × Solidago hybrids are the basis of all reports of intergeneric hybrids in the literature. Horticultural hybrids involving S. ptarmicoides and other Solidago species have been treated as S. ×luteus (M. L. Green ex Dress) Brouillet & Semple (×Solidaster luteus M. L. Green ex Dress). Solidago ×bernardii B. Boivin [Oligoneuron ×bernardii (B. Boivin) G. L. Nesom] is the formal name applied to S. ptarmicoides × S. riddellii hybrids; those have cream rays. Solidago ×lutescens (Lindley ex de Candolle) B. Boivin [Diplopappus lutescens Lindley ex de Candolle; D. albus var. lutescens (Lindley ex de Candolle) Hooker ex Torrey & A. Gray; Aster lutescens (Lindley ex de Candolle) Hooker ex Torrey & A. Gray; A. ptarmicoides var. lutescens (Lindley ex de Candolle) A. Gray; Oligoneuron ×lutescens (Lindley ex de Candolle) G. L. Nesom] applies to hybrids between S. ptarmicoides and S. rigida or S. riddellii from the prairies; these also have cream colored rays.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Solidago ptarmicoides"
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
(Torrey & A. Gray) B. Boivin +
Aster ptarmicoides +
Upland white aster +, white flat-top goldenrod +  and verge d’or faux-ptarmica +
Man. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Vt. +, Wis. +  and Wyo. +
0–1500 m +
Dry, sandy, usually calcareous soils, cracks in rocks, limestone pavements, rocky outcrops, grassy slopes, prairies +
Flowering Jul–Oct. +
Diplopappus albus +, Diplopappus ptarmicoides +, Doellingeria ptarmicoides +, Eucephalus albus +, Heleastrum album +, Inula alba +, Oligoneuron album +, Solidago asteroides +, Unamia alba +  and Unamia ptarmicoides +
Solidago ptarmicoides +
Solidago sect. Ptarmicoidei +
species +