Stemodia durantifolia

(Linnaeus) Swartz
Observ. Bot., 240. 1791.
Basionym: Capraria durantifolia Linnaeus Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1116. 1759
Synonyms: Stemodia arizonica Pennell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 279. Mentioned on page 278, 280.

Stems erect or ascending, 10–100 cm, glandular- and eglandular-hairy. Leaves opposite or whorled proximally, opposite distally; blade lanceolate to oblong, 15–50(–70) × 3–15(–20) mm, base clasping, margins serrate distally, flat, surfaces sparsely hairy. Inflorescences terminal, spikes, racemes, or flowers 1–4 per axil; bracts 4–5 mm. Pedicels 0–8(–15) mm; bracteoles [1 or]2, 2–3.5 mm. Flowers: calyx lobes narrowly lanceolate, 3–5 mm; corolla blue-purple, 5–8(–10) mm, puberulent, lobes 1–2 × 1 mm; style 2–4 mm. Capsules 4–5 mm; style often persistent. Seeds ellipsoid, 2–3 mm.

Phenology: Flowering year-round.
Habitat: Wet sand and rock in open, sometimes disturbed, sites.
Elevation: 0–400 m.


Ariz., Calif., Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America.


Stemodia durantifolia might be confused with S. maritima Linnaeus, which is found in the Caribbean and along the coast in Mexico and elsewhere in the New World tropics. Stemodia maritima has corollas less than 5 mm and stalked pollen sacs. Florida plants of S. durantifolia are introduced.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


... more about "Stemodia durantifolia"
Kerry A. Barringer +
(Linnaeus) Swartz +
Capraria durantifolia +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and South America. +
0–400 m. +
Wet sand and rock in open, sometimes disturbed, sites. +
Flowering year-round. +
Observ. Bot., +
Illustrated +
Stemodia arizonica +
Stemodia durantifolia +
Stemodia +
species +