Stereophyllum radiculosum

(Hooker) Mitten

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 12: 542. 1869

Illustrated
Basionyms: Hookeria radiculosa Hooker Musci Exot. 1: plate 51. 1818
Synonyms: Hypnum wrightii (Sullivant) Sullivant Omalia wrightii Sullivant Pterygophyllum indicum Bélanger Stereophyllum indicum (Bélanger) Mitten S. radiculosulum (Müller Hal.) A. Jaeger S. wrightii (Sullivant) Renauld & Cardot
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 470.
Stems 3 cm, 1–2 mm wide across leafy stem. Leaves 1–2.5 × 0.4–1.2 mm; costa bulging abaxially; alar cells 9–19 × 9–14 µm, many on one side of costa and few on other; distal laminal cells 14–38 × 7–9 µm. Perichaetia with leaf margins serrulate, especially distally, proximal laminal cells smooth, walls thin, distal cell walls thick. Seta 0.6–1.2 cm. Capsule 0.7–1.8 mm; operculum 0.5–0.7 mm.

Phenology: Capsules mature winter.
Habitat: Oak woods, swamps, base of trees, exposed roots, stumps, logs, limestone
Elevation: low elevations (0-100 m)

Distribution

V28 734-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Australia.

Discussion

Stereophyllum radiculosum is recognized by its dull, complanate-foliate plants with simple or sparingly branched stems; leaves with a single prominent costa that bulges on the abaxial surface; abruptly acute to obtuse leaf apices; and short, rhomboidal laminal cells, usually with a single papilla over the lumina on both surfaces of the leaves.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

AuthorWilliam R. Buck + and Robert R. Ireland Jr. +
Authority(Hooker) Mitten +
BasionymsHookeria radiculosa +
DistributionAla. +, Fla. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Asia +, Africa + and Australia. +
Elevationlow elevations (0-100 m) +
HabitatOak woods, swamps, base of trees, exposed roots, stumps, logs, limestone +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorPatricia M. Eckel +
PhenologyCapsules mature winter. +
Publication titleJ. Linn. Soc., Bot. +
Publication year1869 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V28/V28 734.xml +
Special statusIllustrated +
SynonymsHypnum wrightii +, Omalia wrightii +, Pterygophyllum indicum +, Stereophyllum indicum +, S. radiculosulum + and S. wrightii +
Taxon familyStereophyllaceae +
Taxon nameStereophyllum radiculosum +
Taxon parentStereophyllum +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 28 +