Symphyotrichum laeve

(Linnaeus) Á. Löve & D. Löve
Taxon 31: 359. 1982.
Common names: Smooth aster aster lisse
Basionym: Aster laevis Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 876. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 508. Mentioned on page 473, 475, 500, 510, 521, 537.

Perennials (15–)20–70(–120) cm, cespitose; stoutly short-rhizomatous, with thick, woody caudices or a few, long rhizomes. Stems 1–5+, erect (straight, glaucous, sometimes reddish proximally), glabrous, sometimes sparsely hirsute distally. Leaves (glaucous) thick, firm, ± fleshy, margins crenate-serrate or -serrulate or entire, scabridulous, apices mucronulate, faces glabrous; basal usually withering by flowering or sometimes persistent (var. purpuratum), petiolate (petioles ± winged, bases dilated, sheathing), blades spatulate or oblong to ovate or lanceolate-ovate, 30–200 × 10–25(–30) mm, bases attenuate or cuneate to rounded, margins crenate-serrate to serrulate, apices acute to obtuse or rounded; proximal cauline often withering by flowering, petiolate or subsessile or sessile (petioles narrowly to broadly winged, clasping), blades ovate or oblong-ovate to lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, sometimes ± panduriform, (40–)80–150(–180) × (10–)20–45 mm, bases attenuate to rounded or ± shallowly auriculate-clasping, margins entire or shallowly crenate-serrate, minutely scabrous, apices acute or obtuse, callus-pointed; distal sessile, blades lance-ovate or lanceolate to linear, 7–45 × 1–14 mm, progressively reduced distally (abruptly so in arrays), bases auriculate and ± clasping to rounded, margins entire. Heads in broad, sometimes ± flat-topped, paniculiform arrays, branches stiffly ascending (rarely arching), leafy with small, gradually reduced branch leaves. Peduncles 0.2–6+ cm, glaucous, glabrous or puberulent in lines, bracts 3–6, densely spaced, subulate or linear-lanceolate to linear, subclasping, apices sometimes purplish, grading into phyllaries. Involucres campanulate to cylindro-campanulate, (4.2–)5–7(–8) mm. Phyllaries in 4–6 series, appressed, subulate or lanceolate (outer) to oblong-lanceolate or linear-lancolate or -oblanceolate, unequal (sometimes appearing subequal), bases indurate 1/2–3/4, margins scarious, erose, hyaline, ciliolate distally, green zones mostly diamond-shaped to ± lanceolate (some inner, or most in var. geyeri), apices acute to acuminate, sometimes ± obtuse, red-mucronate or apiculate, faces glabrous. Ray florets (11–)13–23(–34); corollas usually pale to dark blue or purple, seldom white, laminae (6–)7.2–11.3(–14.6) × 1.5–2.5 mm. Disc florets (17–)19–33(–43); corollas yellow turning purplish red, 3.5–6.1 mm, tubes slightly shorter than funnelform throats, lobes triangular, (0.4–)0.6–1 mm. Cypselae deep purple to brown, oblong-obovoid, compressed, 2–3.5 mm, 4–5-nerved, faces glabrous or glabrate; pappi tawny to red- or rose-tinged, 5–7 mm.

Distribution

V20-1133-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Ont., Que., Sask., Yukon, Ala., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., D.C., Del., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Mass., Md., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., N.C., N.Dak., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., Nebr., Nev., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., Vt., W.Va., Wash., Wis., Wyo., ne Mexico, introduced in other areas of Mexico, Central America, Europe.

Discussion

Varieties 4 (4 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Leaves lanceolate to ovate, conspicuously auriculate-clasping, lengths less than 5 times widths > 2
1 Leaves linear-lanceolate to linear, slightly auriculate-clasping, lengths often 5 times widths > 3
2 Phyllaries strongly unequal, green apical zones diamond-shaped Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve
2 Phyllaries unequal, green apical zones lanceolate Symphyotrichum laeve var. geyeri
3 Basal leaves withering by flowering, cauline linear-lanceolate Symphyotrichum laeve var. concinnum
3 Leaves mostly basal and proximal at flowering, mostly linear Symphyotrichum laeve var. purpuratum
... more about "Symphyotrichum laeve"
Luc Brouillet +, John C. Semple +, Geraldine A. Allen +, Kenton L. Chambers +  and Scott D. Sundberg† +
(Linnaeus) Á. Löve & D. Löve +
Aster laevis +
Smooth aster +  and aster lisse +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, D.C. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Va. +, Vt. +, W.Va. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, ne Mexico +, introduced in other areas of Mexico +, Central America +  and Europe. +
Aster sect. Heterastrum +  and Aster subg. Symphyotrichum +
Symphyotrichum laeve +
Symphyotrichum sect. Symphyotrichum +
species +