Symphyotrichum sericeum

(Ventenat) G. L. Nesom
Phytologia 77: 291. 1995.
Common names: Western silvery aster
Basionym: Aster sericeus Ventenat Descr. Pl. Nouv., plate 33. 1800
Synonyms: Lasallea sericea (Ventenat) Greene Virgulus sericeus (Ventenat) Reveal & Keener
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 494. Mentioned on page 473, 483.

Perennials, (20–)30–70 cm, cespitose, eglandular; with short, woody, cormoid caudices, or short rhizomes. Stems 1–5+, ascending to erect (thin, grayish brown to dark brown), glabrous proximally, densely canescent distally. Leaves (silvery) firm, soft; basal withering by flowering, sessile, blades (1–3 nerved) elliptic-lanceolate, 10–40 × 5–15 mm, bases cuneate, weakly sheathing, margins usually entire, rarely remotely serrate, piloso-ciliate, apices acute, faces less copiously hairy than cauline; proximal cauline withering by flowering, sessile, blades oblanceolate or oblong to linear-lanceolate, 15–30(–50) × 4–10 mm, slightly and progressively reduced distally, bases rounded, subclasping, margins entire, silky-pilose, apices obtuse to acute, mucronulate, faces sparsely to densely silky-pilose; distal sessile, blades lanceolate, 10–30 × 5–8 mm, little reduced distally, bases cuneate, margins entire, apices acute, mucronate, faces ± densely silky. Heads in open, paniculiform arrays, branches sparse, fastigiate, often arching (1–5+ per branch). Peduncles subsessile or 0.5–3(–5) cm, densely sericeo-strigose, bracts crowded, 4–8(–10) mm, grading into phyllaries. Involucres campanulate to cylindric, (5–)7.5–10 mm. Phyllaries in 3–5(–6) series, outer ovate with expanded distal portion [(4–)5–6 mm], mid ovate-lanceolate [6–8(–10) mm] with expanded green portions, inner linear, unequal or sometimes subequal, outer often foliaceous, bases (mid) scarious, margins silky, green zones restricted to expanded distal 1/2–2/3 (obscured by hairs), apices (outer) spreading or squarrose to reflexed, acute, mucronulate, faces densely long-silky. Ray florets (10–)15–30; corollas usually rose-purple to deep purple, rarely white, laminae 8.5–11 × 1–1.5 mm. Disc florets (15–)25–35; corollas pink turning purple, (5–)5.5–7 mm, tubes shorter than narrowly funnelform throats (both thinly puberulent), lobes deltate, 0.7–0.9 mm. Cypselae purple or brown, obovoid, not compressed, 2–3 mm, 7–10-nerved (prominent), faces glabrous; pappi whitish or tawny, 6–7 mm. 2n = 10, 20.


Phenology: Flowering Aug–Oct.
Habitat: Open, dry, deep, sandy or loamy soils, broken limestone outcrops, open-wooded bluffs, open woods, open calcareous hammocks, prairies, fields, sand barrens, dunes, dry banks, rarely acidic shield rocks
Elevation: 100–500+ m

Distribution

V20-1109-distribution-map.gif

Man., Ont., Ark., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Mich., Minn., Mo., Nebr., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Wis., West Indies (Bahamas).

Discussion

Symphyotrichum sericeum is known in the Bahamas as S. lucayanum (Britton) G. L. Nesom [syn. Aster lucayanus Britton, Virgulus lucayanus (Britton) Reveal & Keener]. It is of conservation concern in Indiana, Michigan, and Canada. Symphyotrichum sericeum is distinct and unlikely to be confused with other species due to its silvery-silky leaves and phyllaries, open arrays, and cormoid rootstocks. Aster sericeus forma albiligulatus Fassett is a white form of the species, in contrast to the typically purple forma sericeus; these do not deserve formal recognition.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Symphyotrichum sericeum"
Luc Brouillet +, John C. Semple +, Geraldine A. Allen +, Kenton L. Chambers +  and Scott D. Sundberg† +
(Ventenat) G. L. Nesom +
Aster sericeus +
Western silvery aster +
Man. +, Ont. +, Ark. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Wis. +  and West Indies (Bahamas). +
100–500+ m +
Open, dry, deep, sandy or loamy soils, broken limestone outcrops, open-wooded bluffs, open woods, open calcareous hammocks, prairies, fields, sand barrens, dunes, dry banks, rarely acidic shield rocks +
Flowering Aug–Oct. +
Lasallea sericea +  and Virgulus sericeus +
Symphyotrichum sericeum +
Symphyotrichum subg. Virgulus +
species +