Talinum paniculatum

(Jacquin) Gaertner

Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 219. 1791

Common names: Pink baby-breath jewels of Opar rama del sapo
Basionyms: Portulaca paniculata Jacquin Enum. Syst. Pl., 22. 1760
Synonyms: Talinum chrysanthum Rose & Standley Talinum paniculatum var. sarmentosum (Enge lmann) Poellnitz Talinum patens Engelmann Talinum sarmentosum Engelmann ex A. Gray Talinum spathulatum
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 503. Mentioned on page 491, 504.
Plants to 15 dm. Stems sometimes reddish, slender. Leaves to 12 cm, reduced abruptly beneath inflorescence; blade elliptic to obovate, base attenuate. Inflorescences paniculate, sometimes nodding. Flowers: sepals deciduous, sometimes reflexed, ovate to suborbiculate, 2.5–4 mm; petals red or pink, sometimes orangish, yellowish, or purplish, ovate to suborbiculate, 3–6 mm; stamens ca. 15–20; stigmas 3, linear; pedicel terete, ± uniformly slender, to 20 mm. Capsules subglobose, sometimes obtusely trigonous, 3–5 mm, exocarp and endocarp usually separating after dehiscence; endocarp valves persistent, remaining connate at apex, attached to receptacle by vascular strands from capsule apex; exocarp dehiscing from apex, valves deciduous ± separately. 2n = 24.

Phenology: Flowering and fruiting Jun–Nov, year-round in s Fla.
Habitat: Moist to dry woodlands and savannas, also desert scrub, grasslands, beaches, on flats, mounds, slopes, ledges, in sand, clay, limestone, sandstone, igneous, often rocky soils and crevices
Elevation: 0-2200 m

Distribution

V4 1027-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Fla., Ga., Ky., La., N.Mex., N.C., S.C., Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, introduced in s Africa and s Asia.

Discussion

Talinum paniculatum is generally thought to be native west of the Mississippi River and adventive eastward, where it often is weedy. In many herbaria, specimens of T. paniculatum are filed as T. patens. Talinum spathulatum (T. chrysanthum) sometimes is recognized separately, but the few differences are minor and inconsistent, and almost all degrees of intergradation occur over much of the range.

Lower Taxa

None.

Facts about "Talinum paniculatum"
AuthorRobert W. Kiger +
Authority(Jacquin) Gaertner +
BasionymsPortulaca paniculata +
Common namePink baby-breath +, jewels of Opar + and rama del sapo +
DistributionAriz. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, La. +, N.Mex. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America + and introduced in s Africa and s Asia. +
Elevation0-2200 m +
HabitatMoist to dry woodlands and savannas, also desert scrub, grasslands, beaches, on flats, mounds, slopes, ledges, in sand, clay, limestone, sandstone, igneous, often rocky soils and crevices +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting Jun–Nov, year-round in s Fla. +
Publication titleFruct. Sem. Pl. +
Publication year1791 +
Referencegalati1986a +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V4/V4 1027.xml +
SynonymsTalinum chrysanthum +, Talinum paniculatum var. sarmentosum +, Talinum patens +, Talinum sarmentosum + and Talinum spathulatum +
Taxon familyPortulacaceae +
Taxon nameTalinum paniculatum +
Taxon parentTalinum +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 4 +