Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 111. Mentioned on page 116.

Plants minute and budlike or merely small, forming dense turfs or scattered patches; protonema producing chlorophyllose, perpendicular protonematal flaps, which are persistent or disappear after the development of the gametophores. Stems erect, to 1.5 cm. Leaves ovate or lanceolate, erect, three-ranked and appressed or spreading, costate or ecostate, cells smooth, rounded-hexagonal or oblong-rhomboid, basal cells elongate. Sexual condition autoicous; archegonia and antheridia on short stems at the plant base. Seta straight or flexuose, smooth or papillose. Capsule exserted, single, cylindric, ovate or shortly oblong-cylindric; peristome of four, single, unsegmented, narrowly triangular, multicellular teeth; annulus absent. Calyptra mitrate, smooth or plicate, naked. Spores green to yellowish, 10–16 µm, spheric, smooth or finely papillose.


Circumboreal, disjunct to the Southern Hemisphere.


Genera 2, species 4 (2 genera, 4 species in the flora).

Selected References


Lower Taxa


1 Plants with conspicuous stems to 1.5 cm, forming dense turfs or scattered patches, leaves costate, protonematal flaps not persistent, stalked asexual structures often present. Tetraphis
1 Plants minute, bud-like, stems less than 0.05 cm, leaves weakly costate in distal leaves or costa absent, protonematal flaps persistent and usually present, specialized asexual structures absent. Tetrodontium