Thalictrum dasycarpum

Fischer & Avé Lallemant in Fischer

in Fischer, C. A. Meyer & Avé-Lallemant, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 8: 72. 1842

Common names: Purple meadow-rue
EndemicSelected by author to be illustrated
Synonyms: Variety (Rydberg) B. Boivin
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Stems erect, stout, 40-150(-200) cm. Leaves chiefly cauline; basal and proximal cauline petiolate, distal cauline leaves sessile or nearly so; petioles and rachises glabrous or occasionally pubescent and/or stipitate-glandular. Leaf blade: basal and proximal cauline 3-5×-ternately compound; leaflets brownish green to dark green or bright green, ovate to cuneate-obovate, apically undivided or 2-3(-5)-lobed, 15-60 × 8-45 mm, length 0.9-2.6 times width, usually leathery with veins prominent abaxially, margins often revolute, lobe margins entire, surfaces abaxially usually pubescent and/or papillose (i.e., with very minute sessile glands). Inflorescences panicles, apically ± acutely pyramidal, many flowered; peduncles and pedicels usually glabrous, rarely pubescent or stipitate-glandular. Flowers usually unisexual, staminate and pistillate on different plants; sepals 4(-6), whitish, lanceolate, 3-5 mm; filaments white to purplish, filiform, scarcely dilated distally, 2-6.5 mm, flexible; anthers 1-3.6(-4) mm, usually strongly apiculate. Achenes numerous, sessile or nearly sessile; stipe 0-1.1 mm; body ovoid to fusiform, 2-4.6 mm, prominently veined, usually pubescent and/or glandular; beak often dehiscent as fruit matures, ± straight, filiform, 1.5-4.7(-6) mm, about as long as achene body.

Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer (May-late Jul).
Habitat: Deciduous, riparian woods, damp thickets, swamps, wet meadows, and prairies
Elevation: 80-2500 m

Distribution

V3 320-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., Ont., Que., Sask., Yukon, Ala., Ariz., Ark., Colo., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.Mex., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah., Wis., Wyo.

Discussion

Thalictrum dasycarpum is a variable species similar to, and possibly intergrading with, T. pubescens. Glabrous variants of T. dasycarpum have been treated as T. dasycarpum var. hypoglaucum. Glabrous and glandular (stipitate and papillate) forms are found throughout the range of the species and occur together in some populations.

Native Americans used Thalictrum dasycarpum medicinally to reduce fever, cure cramps, as a stimulant for horses, and as a love charm (D. E. Moerman 1986).

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Thalictrum dasycarpum"
AuthorMarilyn M. Park + and Dennis Festerling Jr. +
AuthorityFischer & Avé Lallemant in Fischer +
BasionymsUnranked + and Undefined sect. Leucocoma +
Common namePurple meadow-rue +
DistributionAlta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah. +, Wis. + and Wyo. +
Elevation80-2500 m +
HabitatDeciduous, riparian woods, damp thickets, swamps, wet meadows, and prairies +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologyFlowering late spring–summer (May-late Jul). +
Publication titlein Fischer, C. A. Meyer & Avé-Lallemant, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. +
Publication year1842 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/9216fc802291cd3df363fd52122300479582ede7/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 320.xml +
Special statusEndemic + and Selected by author to be illustrated +
SynonymsVariety +
Taxon familyRanunculaceae +
Taxon nameThalictrum dasycarpum +
Taxon parentThalictrum sect. Leucocoma +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +