Sp. Pl. 1: 305. 1753
Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 145. 1754
North America, temperate Eurasia (especially c, w Asia), n Africa, cultivated worldwide.
Species ca. 150 (1 in the flora).
The common garden tulip (Tulipa gesneriana Linnaeus) and a number of other species (T. bakeri Hall, T. clusiana de Candolle, T. fosteriana Hoog ex W. Irving, T. kaufmanniana Regel, T. tarda Stapf), as well as a vast array of complex hybrid cultivars, are commonly planted for their spring flowers. Over 3500 names applied to tulips are currently listed (J. van Scheepen 1996). While some of these species or cultivars may persist for a short time, they rarely become truly naturalized in the flora. Taxonomic difficulties abound in Tulipa due to their long-established cultivation, hybridization, and selection.
Viral infection of tulips results in odd, yet often attractive, colored streaks in the flowers. In the early 1600s these variants, called “broken” tulips, became prized in the Netherlands, widely sought, and worth considerable money. The ensuing “tulipomania” lead to widespread trading, speculation, and then, as with most similar fads, a sudden market collapse in 1637 (W. Blunt 1950; M. Dash 1999; F. A. Stafleu 1963).
|Author||Gerald B. Straley† + and Frederick H. Utech +|
|Common name||Tulip +, tulipe + and tulipán +|
|Distribution||North America +, Temperate Eurasia (especially c +, W Asia) +, N Africa + and Cultivated worldwide. +|
|Etymology||Persian thoulyban or Turkish tulbend, turban, alluding to the shape of the just-opening perianth +|
|Illustrator||Barbara Alongi +|
|Publication title||Sp. Pl. + and Gen. Pl. ed. +|
|Publication year||1753 + and 1754 +|
|Reference||botschantzeva1982a +, hall1940b + and pavord1999a +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V26/V26 337.xml +|
|Taxon family||Liliaceae +|
|Taxon name||Tulipa +|
|Taxon parent||Liliaceae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 26 +|