Uvularia floridana

Chapman

Fl. South. U.S., 487. 1860

Common names: Florida bellwort
Synonyms: Oakesia floridana (Chapman) J. F. Macbride Oakesiella floridana (Chapman) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 149. Mentioned on page 148.
Rhizomes elongate, 10–15 cm, fleshy, bearing scattered, fibrous roots; stolons present. Stem 1, simple, angled distally, 2.5–4 dm, nodes glabrous, bearing 1–2 leaves below lowest branch. Leaf blades sessile, narrowly to broadly elliptic, 4–7(–8.5) × 1.5–3 cm, glabrous abaxially, margins minutely papillose, apex rounded to acute. Flowers 1 per stem; peduncles 0.2–0.8 cm, bearing 1, ovate, leafy bract, 0.7–2.5 cm; tepals pale whitish yellow, 20–30 × 3–4 mm, smooth adaxially, apex acuminate; stamens 10–15 mm; anthers 5–10 mm; connectives 0.5–2 mm; ovary sessile or subsessile, sharply triangular; style 10–15 mm; stigma lobes 3–5 mm. Capsules sessile or subsessile, sharply 3-winged, generally ellipsoid, 2–3.7 × 1–2 cm, apical attenuate beak 4–7 mm. Seeds 3–5 mm; arils crested. 2n = 12.

Phenology: Flowering early spring.
Habitat: Rich hardwood forest and alluvial bottomlands
Elevation: 0–100 m

Distribution

V26 238-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., Miss., S.C.

Discussion

The 2n = 12 aneuploid chromosome report for Uvularia floridana from Florida’s panhandle (F. H. Utech 1978d) represents a reduction from the typical 2n = 14 for the genus (S. Kawano and H. H. Iltis 1964).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.