Uvularia perfoliata

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 304. 1753

Common names: Perfoliate bellwort
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 150. Mentioned on page 148.
Rhizomes short, ca. 1 cm, bearing numerous, clustered, fleshy roots and 1–2 slender, elongate, white stolons to 1.5 dm. Stems 1–several, simple or 1-branched, rounded, 1.5–5 dm, glaucous, bearing (2–)3–4 leaves below lowest branch. Leaf blades perfoliate, ovate to ovate-oblong, 4–20(–12.5) × 1.5–4(–6) cm, glaucous and smooth abaxially, margins smooth, apex acute to short-acuminate. Flowers 1 per stem; peduncles 1–2 cm, bearing 1 perfoliate bract; tepals straw-yellow, (15–)20–35 × 3–5 mm, orange-papillose adaxially, apex acute; stamens 10–15 mm; anthers 6–10 mm; connectives 1 mm; ovary sessile, obovoid; style 8–10 mm; stigma lobes 3–5 mm. Capsules obovoid-truncate, 3-lobed, 0.7–1.3 × 1–1.6 cm, 2 attenuate beaks per lobe. Seeds 2.5–4.5 mm; arils membranaceous. 2n = 14.

Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer.
Habitat: Deciduous woods and upland thickets, acid to neutral soils
Elevation: 0–1000 m

Distribution

V26 240-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Detailed life-history studies of Uvularia perfoliata (D. F. Whigham 1974; D. K. Wijesinghe and D. F. Whigham 1997, 2001; H. Kudoh et al. 1999) have established the genetic basis of its clonal structure.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

Facts about "Uvularia perfoliata"
AuthorFrederick H. Utech + and Shoichi Kawano +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common namePerfoliate bellwort +
DistributionOnt. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. + and W.Va. +
Elevation0–1000 m +
HabitatDeciduous woods and upland thickets, acid to neutral soils +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
PhenologyFlowering spring–early summer. +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V26/V26 240.xml +
SynonymsOakesia + and Oakesiella +
Taxon familyLiliaceae +
Taxon nameUvularia perfoliata +
Taxon parentUvularia +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 26 +