Washingtonia filifera

(Linden ex André) H. Wendland ex A. de Bary

Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 37: 61. 1879

Common names: California fan palm palmier évantail de Californie
Basionyms: Pritchardia filifera Linden ex Andr&eacute Ill. Hort. 21: 28. 1874
Synonyms: Neowashingtonia filifera (Linden) Sudworth Pritchardia filamentosa H. Wendland ex Fenzi Washingtonia filamentosa (H. Wendland ex Fenzi) Kuntze Washingtonia filifera var. arizonica (O. F. Cook ex Annon.) M. E. Jones Washingtonia filifera var. typica M. E. Jones
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 106.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Stems massive, to 1.5 m 100–150 cm diam. 2n = 36.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Native to desert washes, seeps, and springs where underground water is continuously available
Elevation: 100–1200 m


V22 87-distribution-map.jpg

Ariz., Calif., Nev., Mexico (Baja California).


L. H. Bailey (1936) cited S. Watson, not H. Wendland, as the combining authority of this species, believing that Wendland did not explicitly make the new combination. The combination was made, however, by the journal editor, Anton de Bary, in the index to the volume, appearing on page (column) LXI. Hence, de Bary, not Watson, is the combining author (J. L. Strother, pers. cComm.).

Naturalized populations of this species were reported at four sites in Nevada (J. W. Cornett 1987) and in Death Valley National Monument, California (J. W. Cornett 1988). L. R. McClenaghan and A. C. Beauchamp (1986) found low genetic variation among populations of Washingtonia filifera. V. J. Miller (1983) discussed the history and setting of W. filifera in Arizona.

Of conservation concern.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Washingtonia filifera"
AuthorScott Zona +
Authority(Linden ex André) H. Wendland ex A. de Bary +
BasionymsPritchardia filifera +
Common nameCalifornia fan palm + and palmier évantail de Californie +
DistributionAriz. +, Calif. +, Nev. + and Mexico (Baja California). +
Elevation100–1200 m +
HabitatNative to desert washes, seeps, and springs where underground water is continuously available +
PhenologyFlowering spring–summer. +
Publication titleBot. Zeitung (Berlin) +
Publication year1879 +
Referencecornett1987a +, cornett1988a +, mcclenaghan1986a +, miller1983a + and small1931a +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V22/V22 87.xml +
SynonymsNeowashingtonia filifera +, Pritchardia filamentosa +, Washingtonia filamentosa +, Washingtonia filifera var. arizonica + and Washingtonia filifera var. typica +
Taxon familyArecaceae +
Taxon nameWashingtonia filifera +
Taxon parentWashingtonia +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 22 +