Washingtonia filifera

(Linden ex André) H. Wendland ex A. de Bary
Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 37: 61. 1879.
Common names: California fan palm palmier évantail de Californie
IllustratedConservation concern
Basionyms: Pritchardia filifera Linden ex Andr&eacute Ill. Hort. 21: 28. 1874
Synonyms: Neowashingtonia filifera (Linden) Sudworth Pritchardia filamentosa H. Wendland ex Fenzi Washingtonia filamentosa (H. Wendland ex Fenzi) Kuntze Washingtonia filifera var. arizonica (O. F. Cook ex Annon.) M. E. Jones Washingtonia filifera var. typica M. E. Jones
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 106.
Please click on the illustration for a higher resolution version.


Stems massive, to 1.5 m 100–150 cm diam. 2n = 36.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Native to desert washes, seeps, and springs where underground water is continuously available
Elevation: 100–1200 m


V22 87-distribution-map.jpg

Ariz., Calif., Nev., Mexico (Baja California).


L. H. Bailey (1936) cited S. Watson, not H. Wendland, as the combining authority of this species, believing that Wendland did not explicitly make the new combination. The combination was made, however, by the journal editor, Anton de Bary, in the index to the volume, appearing on page (column) LXI. Hence, de Bary, not Watson, is the combining author (J. L. Strother, pers. cComm.).

Naturalized populations of this species were reported at four sites in Nevada (J. W. Cornett 1987) and in Death Valley National Monument, California (J. W. Cornett 1988). L. R. McClenaghan and A. C. Beauchamp (1986) found low genetic variation among populations of Washingtonia filifera. V. J. Miller (1983) discussed the history and setting of W. filifera in Arizona.

Of conservation concern.

Lower Taxa


... more about "Washingtonia filifera"
Scott Zona +
(Linden ex André) H. Wendland ex A. de Bary +
Pritchardia filifera +
California fan palm +  and palmier évantail de Californie +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, Nev. +  and Mexico (Baja California). +
100–1200 m +
Native to desert washes, seeps, and springs where underground water is continuously available +
Flowering spring–summer. +
Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) +
cornett1987a +, cornett1988a +, mcclenaghan1986a +, miller1983a +  and small1931a +
Illustrated +  and Conservation concern +
Neowashingtonia filifera +, Pritchardia filamentosa +, Washingtonia filamentosa +, Washingtonia filifera var. arizonica +  and Washingtonia filifera var. typica +
Washingtonia filifera +
Washingtonia +
species +