Arbust. Amer., 167. 1785
Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (Apr–May).
Habitat: Shaded stream banks, moist woods, thickets, and rocky ledges
Elevation: 0-1200 m
Ala., Fla., Ga., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va.
Xanthorhiza simplicissima is cultivated as an effective ground cover in moist soils. In the northeastern and midwestern United States it occasionally escapes from cultivation, and either persists or becomes established. In southeastern Texas and western Louisiana the species is apparently native, though infrequent. The leaves bear a striking resemblance to those of celery, hence apiifolia, the epithet in synonymy.
The yellow inner bark and roots contain a bitter principle; the roots have been used medicinally and in making yellow dye. Bundles of yellowroot are widely sold in Alabama and Georgia for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders and fever blisters (R. D. Whetstone, pers. comm.).
Native Americans used Xanthorhiza simplicissima medicinally to treat ulcerated stomachs, colds, jaundice, piles, sore mouth, sore throat, cancer, and cramps, and as a blood tonic (D. E. Moerman 1986).
|Author||Bruce D. Parfitt +|
|Common name||Yellowroot +, shrub yellowroot + and brook-feather +|
|Distribution||Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. + and W.Va. +|
|Elevation||0-1200 m +|
|Habitat||Shaded stream banks, moist woods, thickets, and rocky ledges +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Phenology||Flowering spring–summer (Apr–May). +|
|Publication title||Arbust. Amer., +|
|Publication year||1785 +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/9216fc802291cd3df363fd52122300479582ede7/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 636.xml +|
|Special status||Endemic +|
|Taxon family||Ranunculaceae +|
|Taxon name||Xanthorhiza simplicissima +|
|Taxon parent||Xanthorhiza +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 3 +|