Achlys triphylla

(Smith) de Candolle

Syst. Nat. 2: 35. 1821

Common names: Deer-foot vanilla-leaf
EndemicSelected by author to be illustrated
Basionyms: Leontice triphylla Smith in A. Rees, Cycl. 20: [5]. 1812
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: John Myers
Plants, 2-4 dm. Leaves: petiole 1-3 cm. Central leaflet blade 4-11 × 4-8 cm, proximal margins entire, distal margins (1-)3-4(-8)-lobed. Inflorescences 2.5-5 cm excluding peduncle. Flowers: stamens 3-4 mm; ovaries 1-1.5 mm. Follicles red-purple, 3-4.5 mm. 2n = 12.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (Apr–Jul).
Habitat: Mountain regions in Cascade Range and Coast Range of California in coniferous forests
Elevation: 0-1500 m


B.C., Calif., Oreg., Wash.


Medicinally, Native Americans used preparations of the leaves of Achlys triphylla to treat tuberculosis, for a hair wash, and as an emetic (D. E. Moermann 1986).



Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Achlys triphylla"
AuthorR. David Whetstone +, T.A. Atkinson + and Daniel D. Spaulding +
Authority(Smith) de Candolle +
BasionymsLeontice triphylla +
Common nameDeer-foot + and vanilla-leaf +
DistributionB.C. +, Calif. +, Oreg. + and Wash. +
Elevation0-1500 m +
HabitatMountain regions in Cascade Range and Coast Range of California in coniferous forests +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologyFlowering spring–summer (Apr–Jul). +
Publication titleSyst. Nat. +
Publication year1821 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V3/V3 501.xml +
Special statusEndemic + and Selected by author to be illustrated +
Taxon familyBerberidaceae +
Taxon nameAchlys triphylla +
Taxon parentAchlys +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +