Difference between revisions of "Acrostichum danaeifolium"

Langsdorff & Fischer

Pl. Voy. Russes Monde 1: 5, plate 1. 1810.

Illustrated
Synonyms: Acrostichum lomarioides Jenman
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.
FNA>Volume Importer
 
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|place=1: 5, plate 1. 1810
 
|place=1: 5, plate 1. 1810
 
|year=1810
 
|year=1810
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}}
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|special_status={{Treatment/ID/Special_status
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|code=F
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|label=Illustrated
 
}}
 
}}
 
|basionyms=
 
|basionyms=
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|name=Acrostichum lomarioides
 
|name=Acrostichum lomarioides
 
|authority=Jenman
 
|authority=Jenman
 +
|rank=species
 
}}
 
}}
 
|hierarchy=Pteridaceae;Acrostichum;Acrostichum danaeifolium
 
|hierarchy=Pteridaceae;Acrostichum;Acrostichum danaeifolium
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}}<!--
 
}}<!--
  
--><span class="statement" id="st-d0_s0" data-properties="stem orientation;stem architecture"><b>Stems </b>usually erect, infrequently branched.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s1" data-properties="leaf orientation;leaf orientation;leaf length;leaf width"><b>Leaves </b>ascending or erect, 1.5–5 m × 15–60 cm.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s2" data-properties="rachis architecture;rachis prominence or shape;rachis architecture"><b>Rachis </b>shallowly grooved abaxially, flat or shallowly grooved adaxially.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s3" data-properties="pinna atypical count;pinna count;pinna arrangement;pinna arrangement;pinna arrangement;pinna arrangement;pinna length;pinna width;pinna shape;pinna shape"><b>Pinnae </b>20–32 (–64), distant to closely spaced, usually overlapping, 7–37 × 1.5–5.5 cm, tapering toward apex, abruptly acute at tip;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s4" data-properties="">costal areoles less than 3 times longer than wide;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s5" data-properties="costal areole l w ratio;leaf reproduction">most pinnae of fertile leaves bearing sporangia.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s6" data-properties="abaxial pinna reproduction"><b>Sporangia </b>spread over abaxial surface of fertile pinnae;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s7" data-properties="paraphyse architecture;cell size;cell architecture or pubescence or relief;cell shape">paraphyses stalked, ending with horizontally extended, smooth or little-lobed cell.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s8" data-properties="spore diameter;spore diameter;spore diameter;papilla size;papilla orientation"><b>Spores </b>(44–) 54 (–72) µm diam., surface minutely roughened with small projecting papillae.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s9" data-properties="surface relief or texture;2n chromosome count">2n = 60.</span><!--
+
--><span class="statement" id="st-undefined" data-properties=""><b>Stems </b>usually erect, infrequently branched. <b>Leaves</b> ascending or erect, 1.5–5 m × 15–60 cm. <b>Rachis</b> shallowly grooved abaxially, flat or shallowly grooved adaxially. <b>Pinnae</b> 20–32(–64), distant to closely spaced, usually overlapping, 7–37 × 1.5–5.5 cm, tapering toward apex, abruptly acute at tip; costal areoles less than 3 times longer than wide; most pinnae of fertile leaves bearing sporangia. <b>Sporangia</b> spread over abaxial surface of fertile pinnae; paraphyses stalked, ending with horizontally extended, smooth or little-lobed cell. <b>Spores</b> (44–)54(–72) µm diam., surface minutely roughened with small projecting papillae. <b>2n</b> = 60.</span><!--
  
 
-->{{Treatment/Body
 
-->{{Treatment/Body
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|elevation=0–50 m
 
|elevation=0–50 m
 
|distribution=Fla.;Central America;South America.
 
|distribution=Fla.;Central America;South America.
|discussion=<p>These species frequently can be distinguished by the distribution of pinnae, the distribution of fertile pinnae, the shape of the costal areoles, and the structure of the paraphyses. In parts of Florida, their distributions are contiguous and abruptly separated by habitat. Acrosticum aureum is more frequently found in coastal shaded areas, in saline black-mangrove communities, and in the southern and southwestern parts of the state. Acrostichum danaeifolium grows vigorously in full sun and is common and widely distributed in Florida, where it has been collected in virtually every county throughout the southern two-thirds of the state. Hybrids have been produced in the laboratory, although these have not been analyzed cytologically. Hybrids are apparently rare in the field and have been reported only in the Dominican Republic (I. García de López 1978).</p>
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|discussion=<p>These species frequently can be distinguished by the distribution of pinnae, the distribution of fertile pinnae, the shape of the costal areoles, and the structure of the paraphyses. In parts of Florida, their distributions are contiguous and abruptly separated by habitat. Acrosticum aureum is more frequently found in coastal shaded areas, in saline black-mangrove communities, and in the southern and southwestern parts of the state. <i>Acrostichum danaeifolium</i> grows vigorously in full sun and is common and widely distributed in Florida, where it has been collected in virtually every county throughout the southern two-thirds of the state. Hybrids have been produced in the laboratory, although these have not been analyzed cytologically. Hybrids are apparently rare in the field and have been reported only in the Dominican Republic (I. García de López 1978).</p>
 
|tables=
 
|tables=
 
|references=
 
|references=
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-->{{#Taxon:
 
-->{{#Taxon:
 
name=Acrostichum danaeifolium
 
name=Acrostichum danaeifolium
|author=
 
 
|authority=Langsdorff & Fischer
 
|authority=Langsdorff & Fischer
 
|rank=species
 
|rank=species
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|publication title=Pl. Voy. Russes Monde
 
|publication title=Pl. Voy. Russes Monde
 
|publication year=1810
 
|publication year=1810
|special status=
+
|special status=Illustrated
|source xml=https://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-fine-grained-xml.git/src/287ef3db526bd807d435a3c7423ef2df1e951227/V2/V2_243.xml
+
|source xml=https://bibilujan@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/bb6b7e3a7de7d3b7888a1ad48c7fd8f5c722d8d6/coarse_grained_fna_xml/V2/V2_243.xml
 
|genus=Acrostichum
 
|genus=Acrostichum
 
|species=Acrostichum danaeifolium
 
|species=Acrostichum danaeifolium
|2n chromosome count=60
 
|abaxial pinna reproduction=fertile
 
|cell architecture or pubescence or relief=smooth
 
|cell shape=little-lobed
 
|cell size=extended
 
|costal areole l w ratio=0-3
 
|leaf length=1.5m;5m
 
|leaf orientation=erect;ascending
 
|leaf reproduction=fertile
 
|leaf width=15cm;60cm
 
|papilla orientation=projecting
 
|papilla size=small
 
|paraphyse architecture=stalked
 
|pinna arrangement=overlapping;distant;closely spaced
 
|pinna atypical count=32;64
 
|pinna count=20;32
 
|pinna length=7cm;37cm
 
|pinna shape=acute;tapering
 
|pinna width=1.5cm;5.5cm
 
|rachis architecture=grooved;grooved
 
|rachis prominence or shape=flat
 
|spore diameter=54;54um;72um
 
|stem architecture=branched
 
|stem orientation=erect
 
|surface relief or texture=roughened
 
 
}}<!--
 
}}<!--
  
 
-->[[Category:Treatment]][[Category:Acrostichum]]
 
-->[[Category:Treatment]][[Category:Acrostichum]]

Revision as of 21:11, 27 May 2020

Stems usually erect, infrequently branched. Leaves ascending or erect, 1.5–5 m × 15–60 cm. Rachis shallowly grooved abaxially, flat or shallowly grooved adaxially. Pinnae 20–32(–64), distant to closely spaced, usually overlapping, 7–37 × 1.5–5.5 cm, tapering toward apex, abruptly acute at tip; costal areoles less than 3 times longer than wide; most pinnae of fertile leaves bearing sporangia. Sporangia spread over abaxial surface of fertile pinnae; paraphyses stalked, ending with horizontally extended, smooth or little-lobed cell. Spores (44–)54(–72) µm diam., surface minutely roughened with small projecting papillae. 2n = 60.


Habitat: Somewhat saline to freshwater swamps, canal and pond margins, commonly in sinkholes in hammocks, disturbed marl sites, inland to coastal regions
Elevation: 0–50 m

Distribution

V2 243-distribution-map.gif

Fla., Central America, South America.

Discussion

These species frequently can be distinguished by the distribution of pinnae, the distribution of fertile pinnae, the shape of the costal areoles, and the structure of the paraphyses. In parts of Florida, their distributions are contiguous and abruptly separated by habitat. Acrosticum aureum is more frequently found in coastal shaded areas, in saline black-mangrove communities, and in the southern and southwestern parts of the state. Acrostichum danaeifolium grows vigorously in full sun and is common and widely distributed in Florida, where it has been collected in virtually every county throughout the southern two-thirds of the state. Hybrids have been produced in the laboratory, although these have not been analyzed cytologically. Hybrids are apparently rare in the field and have been reported only in the Dominican Republic (I. García de López 1978).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Acrostichum danaeifolium"
Robert M. Lloyd +
Langsdorff & Fischer +
Fla. +, Central America +  and South America. +
0–50 m +
Somewhat saline to freshwater swamps, canal and pond margins, commonly in sinkholes in hammocks, disturbed marl sites, inland to coastal regions +
Pl. Voy. Russes Monde +
Acrostichum lomarioides +
Acrostichum danaeifolium +
Acrostichum +
species +